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Do interest rates predict real economic activity?

  • John Loizides
  • George Vamvoukas

This paper employs a structural VAR procedure to test some fundamental propositions of the business cycle using a developing economy framework. The focus of the paper is on KBC, MBC and RBC theories as well as on the alternative view, which has been propagated mainly by Sims. The empirical analysis intends to report extensive evidence on the dynamics between money, output, interest rates and prices. The results suggest that the effects of system shocks conform to the alternative view supporting the central role of interest rates. Interest rate shocks explain a majority of the variation in money, output and prices. The results are generally robust across different orderings, alternative interest rate measures and various sample periods.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics Letters.

Volume (Year): 10 (2003)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 589-595

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Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:10:y:2003:i:9:p:589-595
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  1. Ben Bernanke, 1990. "The Federal Funds Rate and the Channels of Monetary Transnission," NBER Working Papers 3487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gordon, David B & Leeper, Eric M, 1994. "The Dynamic Impacts of Monetary Policy: An Exercise in Tentative Identification," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1228-47, December.
  3. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
  4. Cook, David, 1999. "The liquidity effect and money demand," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 377-390, April.
  5. Benedict S. C. Fung & Rohit Gupta, 1997. "Cash Setting, the Call Loan Rate, and the Liquidity Effect in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1057-82, November.
  6. Taylor, Mark P, 1987. "Financial Innovation, Inflation and the Stability of the Demand for Broad Money in the United Kingdom," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(3), pages 225-33, July.
  7. Christopher A. Sims, 1980. "Comparison of Interwar and Postwar Business Cycles: Monetarism Reconsidered," NBER Working Papers 0430, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Thoma, Mark A., 1994. "Subsample instability and asymmetries in money-income causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1-2), pages 279-306.
  9. Phillips, P.C.B., 1986. "Testing for a Unit Root in Time Series Regression," Cahiers de recherche 8633, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
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