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Pattern of Regional Disparities in Socio-economic Development in India: District Level Analysis

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  • Ramphul Ohlan

Abstract

The study assesses the pattern of disparities in socio-economic development at the district level in India applying the Wroclow Taxonomic technique (following Ewusi. Social Indicators Research 3(1) 75–110, 1976 , and Arief. Social Indicators Research 11(3) 259–267, 1982 ) based upon optimal combination of selected socio-economic development indicators. In order to get a clear picture of regional socio-economic disparities in India, the level of development is assessed separately for agriculture, industrial and infrastructural sectors and the districts are classified into four development categories according to the values of the constructed development index. For bringing about uniform regional development and improving the quality-of-life, model districts for disadvantaged districts have been identified and potential targets for various social amenities have been estimated. An attempt has also been made to compare the levels of socio-economic development among various regions in India. The constructed socio-economic development index shows that India’s Southern region is far more and symmetrically developed in comparison of Central and Northern regions. The results show that wide disparities in the level of socio-economic development exist among different districts within and between different regions of India. The level of development in infrastructural service sector is found to be positively and statistically significantly associated with the overall socio-economic development indicating that the growth and progress of the sectors have been going hand in hand in the country. The results show that in Northern and Central regions of India the level of industrial development does not significantly influence the agricultural and overall socio-economic development while agricultural development influences overall socio-economic development. The study suggests that low developed districts require improvement in most of the indicators for enhancing their levels of overall socio-economic development. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

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  • Ramphul Ohlan, 2013. "Pattern of Regional Disparities in Socio-economic Development in India: District Level Analysis," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 114(3), pages 841-873, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:114:y:2013:i:3:p:841-873
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0176-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sritua Arief, 1982. "Regional disparities in Malaysia," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 259-267, October.
    2. Hirschberg, Joseph G. & Maasoumi, Esfandiar & Slottje, Daniel J., 1991. "Cluster analysis for measuring welfare and quality of life across countries," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 131-150, October.
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    6. Kodwo Ewusi, 1976. "Disparities in levels of regional development in Ghana," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 75-100, June.
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    1. Naresh Kumar & Ritu Rani, 2020. "Extent of Social Change in Family Quality of Life Index: Empirical Evidence from Selected States of India," South Asian Survey, , vol. 27(1), pages 62-80, March.
    2. Kim, Rockli & Mohanty, Sanjay K. & Subramanian, S.V., 2016. "Multilevel Geographies of Poverty in India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 349-359.
    3. O. Flores Baquero & A. Jiménez Fdez. de Palencia & A. Pérez Foguet, 2016. "Measuring disparities in access to water based on the normative content of the human right," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 127(2), pages 741-759, June.
    4. Bhatt, Punita & Ahmad, Ali J. & Roomi, Muhammad Azam, 2016. "Social innovation with open source software: User engagement and development challenges in India," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 52, pages 28-39.
    5. Hashem Dadashpoor & Nina Khalighi, 2016. "Investigating Spatial Distribution of Regional Quality of Life (RQoL) in Iran Between 1996 and 2011," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 127(3), pages 1217-1248, July.
    6. Jayanta Kumar Bora & Nandita Saikia, 2018. "Neonatal and under-five mortality rate in Indian districts with reference to Sustainable Development Goal 3: An analysis of the National Family Health Survey of India (NFHS), 2015–2016," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(7), pages 1-15, July.
    7. Hadi Rahmani Fazli & Abbas Arabmazar, 2018. "A Mathematical Programing Model of Budget Allocation for Development Disparities Reduction among Iran Provinces," Iranian Economic Review (IER), Faculty of Economics,University of Tehran.Tehran,Iran, vol. 22(1), pages 235-251, Winter.

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