Mothers in an Insider-Outsider Economy: The Puzzle of Spain
There is growing evidence that social policies toward mothers have important effects on their labor market behavior. This article argues that these effects are less important in a Male Breadwinner Regime if there is employment insecurity in the household or if women intend to participate in the long-run. I consider the case of Spain, where the workforce has become polarized between insiders and outsiders and where social policies closely resemble the Male Breadwinner Regime. The results show that Spanish mothers fall into two groups: those who do not withdraw from the labor force after childbirth and those who withdraw and do not re-enter after their children arrive at school age. Entry or re-entry appears related to the husband's employment uncertainty. Married women in an "insider household" are less likely to be mobile than women in an "outsider household."
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Volume (Year): 9 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
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