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Local Statistical Modeling via a Cluster-Weighted Approach with Elliptical Distributions

Author

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  • Salvatore Ingrassia

    ()

  • Simona Minotti

    ()

  • Giorgio Vittadini

    ()

Abstract

Cluster-weighted modeling (CWM) is a mixture approach to modeling the joint probability of data coming from a heterogeneous population. Under Gaussian assumptions, we investigate statistical properties of CWM from both theoretical and numerical point of view; in particular, we show that Gaussian CWM includes mixtures of distributions and mixtures of regressions as special cases. Further, we introduce CWM based on Student-t distributions, which provides a more robust fit for groups of observations with longer than normal tails or noise data. Theoretical results are illustrated using some empirical studies, considering both simulated and real data. Some generalizations of such models are also outlined. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Salvatore Ingrassia & Simona Minotti & Giorgio Vittadini, 2012. "Local Statistical Modeling via a Cluster-Weighted Approach with Elliptical Distributions," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 29(3), pages 363-401, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jclass:v:29:y:2012:i:3:p:363-401 DOI: 10.1007/s00357-012-9114-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wayne DeSarbo & William Cron, 1988. "A maximum likelihood methodology for clusterwise linear regression," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 5(2), pages 249-282, September.
    2. Michel Wedel & Wayne DeSarbo, 1995. "A mixture likelihood approach for generalized linear models," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 12(1), pages 21-55, March.
    3. Francesca Greselin & Salvatore Ingrassia & Antonio Punzo, 2011. "Assessing the pattern of covariance matrices via an augmentation multiple testing procedure," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 20(2), pages 141-170, June.
    4. Roman Liesenfeld & Robert C. Jung, 2000. "Stochastic volatility models: conditional normality versus heavy-tailed distributions," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 137-160.
    5. Marco Riani & Anthony C. Atkinson & Andrea Cerioli, 2009. "Finding an unknown number of multivariate outliers," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 71(2), pages 447-466.
    6. Leisch, Friedrich, 2004. "FlexMix: A General Framework for Finite Mixture Models and Latent Class Regression in R," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 11(i08).
    7. Ingrassia, Salvatore & Rocci, Roberto, 2007. "Constrained monotone EM algorithms for finite mixture of multivariate Gaussians," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(11), pages 5339-5351, July.
    8. Cerioli, Andrea, 2010. "Multivariate Outlier Detection With High-Breakdown Estimators," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 105(489), pages 147-156.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:jclass:v:34:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s00357-017-9234-x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Leonardo Grilli & Maria Iannario & Domenico Piccolo & Carla Rampichini, 2014. "Latent class CUB models," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 8(1), pages 105-119, March.
    3. Paul D. McNicholas, 2016. "Model-Based Clustering," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 33(3), pages 331-373, October.
    4. Wu, Qiang & Yao, Weixin, 2016. "Mixtures of quantile regressions," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 162-176.
    5. repec:eee:jmvana:v:163:y:2018:i:c:p:1-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ingrassia, Salvatore & Minotti, Simona C. & Punzo, Antonio, 2014. "Model-based clustering via linear cluster-weighted models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 159-182.
    7. Antonio Punzo & Salvatore Ingrassia, 2016. "Clustering bivariate mixed-type data via the cluster-weighted model," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 989-1013, September.
    8. Paolo Berta & Salvatore Ingrassia & Antonio Punzo & Giorgio Vittadini, 2016. "Multilevel cluster-weighted models for the evaluation of hospitals," METRON, Springer;Sapienza Università di Roma, vol. 74(3), pages 275-292, December.
    9. Faicel Chamroukhi, 2016. "Piecewise Regression Mixture for Simultaneous Functional Data Clustering and Optimal Segmentation," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 33(3), pages 374-411, October.
    10. Utkarsh J. Dang & Antonio Punzo & Paul D. McNicholas & Salvatore Ingrassia & Ryan P. Browne, 2017. "Multivariate Response and Parsimony for Gaussian Cluster-Weighted Models," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 34(1), pages 4-34, April.
    11. Nguyen, Hien D. & McLachlan, Geoffrey J., 2016. "Laplace mixture of linear experts," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 177-191.
    12. Sanjeena Subedi & Antonio Punzo & Salvatore Ingrassia & Paul McNicholas, 2015. "Cluster-weighted $$t$$ t -factor analyzers for robust model-based clustering and dimension reduction," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 24(4), pages 623-649, November.
    13. Hien Nguyen & Geoffrey McLachlan, 2015. "Maximum likelihood estimation of Gaussian mixture models without matrix operations," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 9(4), pages 371-394, December.
    14. Gabriella Schoier & Adriana Monte, 2014. "On the use of cluster analysis for individuating variable influence on spread variation in large datasets," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 68(1), pages 223-229, January-M.
    15. Salvatore Ingrassia & Antonio Punzo & Giorgio Vittadini & Simona Minotti, 2015. "The Generalized Linear Mixed Cluster-Weighted Model," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 32(1), pages 85-113, April.

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