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Rauchverhalten von Schwangeren und Müttern mit Kleinkindern

Author

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  • Uwe Helmert
  • Peter Lang
  • Boukje Cuelenaere

Abstract

Le but de cette analyse est d'étudier le comportement tabagique de femmes enceintes et de mères de jeunes enfants ainsi que d'identifier l'influence des facteurs socio-démographiques sur leur tabagisme. Les données proviennent des enquétes nationales et régionales de “L'étude allemande sur la prévention des maladies cardio-vasculaires”. L'échantillon est constitué de 8385 femmes âgées de 25 à 40 ans. Parmi ces femmes 326 (3.9%) étaient enceintes au moment de la réalisation de l'enquéte et 2538 (30.3%) avaient des enfants en bas âge de moins de 5 ans. Les variables relatives au tabagisme, à la situation de famille, au nombre d'enfants et à leur âge ainsi que des donées socio-démographiques complémentaires ont été recueillies au moyen d'un questionnaire standard. Au total, 39.4% des 8385 femmes ont déclaré qu'elles étaient fumeuses. La part de fumeuses parmi les femmes sans enfant est légèrement plus importante (42.3%) que dans l'ensemble de l'echantillon. Sur les 326 femmes enceintes, 20.6% ont reconnu qu'elles fumaient au moment de l'enquête. Le tabagisme est environ deux fois plus élevé chez les mères issues de catégories sociales défavorisées par rapport à celles de catégories plus aisées. La part de fumeuses parmi les mères célibataires et les femmes séparées et/ou divorcées est significativement plus élevée. Ces résultats conduisent à recommander des programme de prévention centrés sur des populations spécifiques, qu'il s'agisse des femmes enceintes qui continuent à fumer ou des jeunes mères qui ont cessé de fumer au cours de l'année qui a précédé la naissance de leur enfant. Une attention toute particulière devrait être portée aux jeunes mères, non mariées, ainsi qu'aux femmes issues de catégories sociales défavorisées, dans la mesure où la prévalence du tabagisme y est sensiblement plus élevée que dans la reste de la population. Copyright Birkhäuser Verlag 1998

Suggested Citation

  • Uwe Helmert & Peter Lang & Boukje Cuelenaere, 1998. "Rauchverhalten von Schwangeren und Müttern mit Kleinkindern," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 43(2), pages 51-58, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:43:y:1998:i:2:p:51-58
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01359224
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fingerhut, L.A. & Kleinman, J.C. & Kendrick, J.S., 1990. "Smoking before, during, and after pregnancy," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 80(5), pages 541-544.
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