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Charting the course for a blue economy in Peru: a research agenda


  • Emma McKinley

    (Cardiff University)

  • Oscar Aller-Rojas

    (Universidad Científica del Sur)

  • Caroline Hattam

    (Plymouth Marine Laboratory)

  • Celine Germond-Duret

    (Liverpool John Moores University)

  • Inés Vicuña San Martín

    (Universidad Científica del Sur
    Universidad Científica del Perú)

  • Charlotte Rachael Hopkins

    (University of Glasgow
    University of Liverpool)

  • Héctor Aponte

    (Universidad Científica del Sur
    Museo de Historia Natural UNMSM)

  • Tavis Potts

    (University of Aberdeen)


Ocean- and coastal-based economic activities are increasingly recognised as key drivers for supporting global economies. This move towards the “blue economy” is becoming globally widespread, with the recognition that if ocean-based activities are to be sustainable, they will need to move beyond solely extractive and exploitative endeavours, aligning more closely with marine conservation and effective marine spatial planning. In this paper we define the “blue economy” as a “platform for strategic, integrated and participatory coastal and ocean development and protection that incorporates a low carbon economy, the ecosystem approach and human well-being through advancing regional industries, services and activities”. In Peru, while the seas contribute greatly to the national economy, the full potential of the blue economy has yet to be realised. This paper presents the findings of an early career scientist workshop in Lima, Peru, in March 2016. The workshop “Advancing Green Growth in Peru” brought together researchers to identify challenges and opportunities for green growth across three Peruvian economic sectors—tourism, transport and the blue economy with this paper exploring in detail the priorities generated from the “blue economy” stream. These priorities include themes such as marine spatial planning, detailed evaluations of existing maritime industries (e.g. guano collection and fisheries), development of an effective MPA network, support for sustainable coastal tourism, and better inclusion of social science disciplines in understanding societal and political support for a Peruvian blue economy. In addition, the paper discusses the research requirements associated with these priorities. While not a comprehensive list, these priorities provide a starting point for future dialogue on a co-ordinated scientific platform supporting the blue growth agenda in Peru, and in other regions working towards a successful “blue economy”.

Suggested Citation

  • Emma McKinley & Oscar Aller-Rojas & Caroline Hattam & Celine Germond-Duret & Inés Vicuña San Martín & Charlotte Rachael Hopkins & Héctor Aponte & Tavis Potts, 2019. "Charting the course for a blue economy in Peru: a research agenda," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 2253-2275, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:endesu:v:21:y:2019:i:5:d:10.1007_s10668-018-0133-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0133-z

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    3. Dillon, Trent & Maurer, Benjamin & Lawson, Michael & Jenne, Dale Scott & Manalang, Dana & Baca, Elena & Polagye, Brian, 2022. "Cost-optimal wave-powered persistent oceanographic observation," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 181(C), pages 504-521.

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