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On a Class of Hybrid Differential Games


  • Dmitry Gromov

    () (Saint Petersburg State University)

  • Ekaterina Gromova

    () (Saint Petersburg State University)


This paper is intended to present a systematic application of the hybrid systems framework to differential games. A special class of bimodal linear-quadratic differential games is presented and illustrated with examples; two particular classes of switching rules, time-dependent and state-dependent switches are discussed. The main contribution of the paper consists in formulating necessary optimality conditions for determining optimal strategies in both cooperative and non-cooperative cases. A practically relevant hybrid differential game of pollution reduction is considered to illustrate the developed framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Dmitry Gromov & Ekaterina Gromova, 2017. "On a Class of Hybrid Differential Games," Dynamic Games and Applications, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 266-288, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:dyngam:v:7:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s13235-016-0185-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s13235-016-0185-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ngo Van Long & Fabien Prieur & Klarizze Puzon & Mabel Tidball, 2013. "Markov Perfect Equilibria in Differential Games with Regime Switching Strategies," Working Papers 13-06, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Jan 2014.
    2. Bonneuil, N. & Boucekkine, R., 2016. "Optimal transition to renewable energy with threshold of irreversible pollution," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 248(1), pages 257-262.
    3. Petrosjan, Leon & Zaccour, Georges, 2003. "Time-consistent Shapley value allocation of pollution cost reduction," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 381-398, January.
    4. Masoudi, Nahid & Zaccour, Georges, 2013. "A differential game of international pollution control with evolving environmental costs," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(6), pages 680-700, December.
    5. Jørgensen, Steffen & Gromova, Ekaterina, 2016. "Sustaining cooperation in a differential game of advertising goodwill accumulation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 254(1), pages 294-303.
    6. Richard Bellman, 1957. "On a Dynamic Programming Approach to the Caterer Problem--I," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 3(3), pages 270-278, April.
    7. Fouad Ouardighi & Hassan Benchekroun & Dieter Grass, 2014. "Controlling pollution and environmental absorption capacity," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 220(1), pages 111-133, September.
    8. Dockner,Engelbert J. & Jorgensen,Steffen & Long,Ngo Van & Sorger,Gerhard, 2000. "Differential Games in Economics and Management Science," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521637329, December.
    9. Kort, Peter M. & Wrzaczek, Stefan, 2015. "Optimal firm growth under the threat of entry," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 246(1), pages 281-292.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bondarev, Anton & Greiner, Alfred, 2018. "Catching-up and falling behind: Effects of learning in an R&D differential game with spillovers," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 134-156.
    2. Seidl, Andrea, 2019. "Zeno points in optimal control models with endogenous regime switching," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 353-368.


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