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Przedsiębiorstwa w parkach technologicznych a paradygmat gospodarki opartej na wiedzy

Author

Listed:
  • Mateusz Błaszczyk
  • Leszek Kwieciński
  • Magdalena Stawicka
  • Marek Wróblewski

Abstract

Celem artykułu jest weryfikacja stopnia dopasowania się firm-rezydentów polskich parków technologicznych do uwarunkowań gospodarki opartej na wiedzy. Tak postawionemu problemowi towarzyszą dwa podstawowe założenia, które można wywieść z literatury dotyczącej polityki rozwoju gospodarczego. Po pierwsze gospodarka oparta na wiedzy jest kluczowym sektorem współczesnego kapitalizmu, a tym samym obecnie traktowana jest jako zasadniczy czynnik wzrostu gospodarczego. Po drugie parki technologiczne potencjalnie stanowić mogą jedno z najbardziej podstawowych narzędzi polityki wspierania rozwoju gospodarki opartej na wiedzy. Można zatem postawić hipotezę, że w parkach technologicznych gromadzą się przedsiębiorstwa, które powinny stanowić awangardę ekonomii wiedzy. W artykule zaprezentowano wyniki badań kwestionariuszowych zrealizowanych wśród przedsiębiorstw działających w polskich parkach technologicznych. Badania te koncentrowały się na trzech kwestiach- (1) zaangażowania firm w działalność B+R, (2) zarządzania prawami własności intelektualnej oraz (3) wprowadzania na rynek innowacji produktowych i procesowych. Analiza przedstawionych danych pozwala opracować typologię firm biorących udział w badaniu uwzględniającą ich podejście do wyzwań stawianych przez gospodarkę wiedzy. Uzyskane wyniki nie pozwalają na jednoznacznie pozytywne rozstrzygnięcie hipotezy o wiodącej roli przedsiębiorstw w parkach technologicznych w gospodarce opartej na wiedzy. W podsumowaniu wskazano na potrzebę przedefiniowania funkcji i sposobów działania polskich parków technologicznych.

Suggested Citation

  • Mateusz Błaszczyk & Leszek Kwieciński & Magdalena Stawicka & Marek Wróblewski, 2017. "Przedsiębiorstwa w parkach technologicznych a paradygmat gospodarki opartej na wiedzy," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 1, pages 69-94.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:1:p:69-94
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gospodarka oparta na wiedzy; parki technologiczne; polskie przedsiębiorstwa/rezydenci; innowacyjność;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship

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