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Inter-State Disparities in the Reduction of Multidimensional Deprivations in India


  • Brajaraja Mishra


The higher economic growth in the post-reform period has increased the standard of living of the people. At the same time, it widened the inter-state inequality. It was argued that the increasing inequality might lead to social disarticulation and hinder growth. Thus, a discussion on growing inter-state inequality became a policy debate in recent years to achieve inclusive growth. In this backdrop, this article analyses trends in the inter-state inequality with regards to multidimensional deprivations (MD) in the domains of education, health and poverty during the post-reform period in India. It also assesses whether levels of deprivation among the Indian states are converging/diverging over a period of time. Weighted coefficient of variation and Theil entropy measures were used to assess the inter-state inequality and β-convergence estimates were used to test whether there is convergence/divergence among the Indian states with regards to reduction in MD over time. The analysis found that the inter-state disparity in MD has increased during the post-reform period in India; the levels of deprivation among the better off states declined over time, while most of the backward states could not do so due to their high initial level deprivations.

Suggested Citation

  • Brajaraja Mishra, 2019. "Inter-State Disparities in the Reduction of Multidimensional Deprivations in India," Indian Journal of Human Development, , vol. 13(3), pages 239-253, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:inddev:v:13:y:2019:i:3:p:239-253
    DOI: 10.1177/0973703019892214

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    References listed on IDEAS

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