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Spatial Structure, Spatial Interaction, and Their Integration: A Review of Alternative Models


  • R J Bennett

    (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England)

  • R P Haining

    (Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, England)

  • A G Wilson

    (School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England)


Models of spatial structure, spatial interaction, and integrated location-interaction models are reviewed and the nature of their contribution to the geographer's understanding of patterns and change is explored. The main discussion focuses first on spatial structure and then on spatial interaction. Integrated models are explored in relation to six categories employed by Zeeman, the first of these being concerned with pattern, the rest with increasingly complicated aspects of dynamics. The categories are: equilibrium, ‘fast’ dynamics, ‘slow’ dynamics, feedbacks, noise, and diffusion. The argument is illustrated by examples at each stage.

Suggested Citation

  • R J Bennett & R P Haining & A G Wilson, 1985. "Spatial Structure, Spatial Interaction, and Their Integration: A Review of Alternative Models," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 17(5), pages 625-645, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envira:v:17:y:1985:i:5:p:625-645

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    Cited by:

    1. David Gray, 2005. "An examination of regional interaction and super-regions in Britain: An error correction model approach," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(5), pages 619-632.
    2. Katherine Curtis & Elizabeth Fussell & Jack DeWaard, 2015. "Recovery Migration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Spatial Concentration and Intensification in the Migration System," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(4), pages 1269-1293, August.

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