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Awqaf In History And Its Implications For Modern Islamic Economies



    (Professor of Economics, Department of Economics,)


This paper aims at analysing the relevance of the historical awqaf system for modern Islamic economies. The main argument focuses on the fact that the awqaf system has provided throughout Islamic history all the essential services at no cost to the state. Thus, a successful modernisation of the system implies a significant cut in government expenditure and all the associated benefits; including downsizing the state sector and a reduction and even an eventual elimination of riba. As far as the modernisation of the system is concerned, historical evidence indicates that the real exiting potential lies in the cash awqaf. It is envisaged here that two powerful Islamic financial institutions, the cash awqaf and mudarabah need to be combined. It is argued further that this combination should take place within the framework of Islamic banks and thus alter the portfolio of these banks in the desired direction, i.e. increasing the mudarabah/murabahah ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Çizakça, Murat, 1998. "Awqaf In History And Its Implications For Modern Islamic Economies," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 6, pages 43-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:isecst:0092

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert H. Bates & Steven A. Block & Ghada Fayad & Anke Hoeffler, 2013. "The New Institutionalism and Africa," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 22(4), pages 499-522, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aliyu, Shehu Usman Rano, 2018. "A treatise on socioeconomic roles of waqf," MPRA Paper 91413, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Dec 2018.
    2. Ahmed,Habib & Mohieldin,Mahmoud & Verbeek,Jos & Aboulmagd,Farida Wael, 2015. "On the sustainable development goals and the role of Islamic finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7266, The World Bank.

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