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Three Generations of Industrial districts

Listed author(s):
  • Bellandi, Marco

    (Università degli Studi di Firenze)

  • De Propris , Lisa

    (University of Birmingham)

The paper presents a theoretical framework for understanding the evolution of industrial districts from Marshall’s conceptualisation to today’s realities and theorisations of the industrial district as model of industrial organization and development. We discuss three generation of industrial districts: the first generations of districts were the seedbeds for the first industrial revolution. The second generations corresponded to the re-emergence of industrial districts in advanced and industrialised countries during the second half of the twentieth century, after the golden age of mass production. The current and third generation is being revealed resorting to scholarly observation. We will argue that each generation of industrial districts have emerged and grown in correspondence with specific technological, institutional and market conditions. Some evidence from the Italian case is presented.

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Article provided by Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional in its journal INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH.

Volume (Year): (2015)
Issue (Month): 32 ()
Pages: 75-87

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Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0294
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  1. Lisa De Propris & Nigel Driffield & Stefano Menghinello, 2005. "local industrial systems and the location of FDI in Italy," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 105-121.
  2. Neil Hart, 2009. "External and Internal Economies," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  3. Arnaldo Bagnasco, 2009. "The Governance of Industrial Districts," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 17 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  4. Fulvio Coltorti, 2013. "Italian Industry, Decline or Transformation? A Framework," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(12), pages 2037-2077, December.
  5. Jose-Luis Hervas-Oliver & Rafael Boix-Domenech, 2013. "The Economic Geography of the Meso-global Spaces: Integrating Multinationals and Clusters at the Local--Global Level," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(7), pages 1064-1080, July.
  6. Giacomo Becattini & Marco Bellandi & Gabi Del Ottati & Fabio Sforzi, 2003. "From Industrial Districts to Local Development," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2884.
  7. Lombardi, Mauro, 2003. "The evolution of local production systems: the emergence of the "invisible mind" and the evolutionary pressures towards more visible "minds"," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1443-1462, September.
  8. Merlo, Elisabetta & Polese, Francesca, 2006. "Turning Fashion into Business: The Emergence of Milan as an International Fashion Hub," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 80(03), pages 415-447, September.
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