Électricité en Afrique et performance productive
In the mid 1980's, African electric companies embarked on reform programmes, intending to improve their productive efficiency. Twelve of these networks are studied in this paper. At fïrst, parametric production frontier models are estimated on panel data. The Ivorian company, the management of which was privatised in 1990, reveals that this institutional reform helped to increase the productive performance while the same result proved to be difficult to reach where the operator remained fully government-owned. Au milieu des années quatre-vingt, les sociétés africaines d’électricité se sont engagées dans des programmes de réforme ayant pour objet d’améliorer leur efficience productive. Douze de ces réseaux sont étudiés dans cet article. Des frontières de production paramétriques sont d’abord estimées sur données de panel. La société ivoirienne, dont la privatisation a été effectuée en 1990, révèle que cette réforme institutionnelle a aidé à accroître la performance productive tandis que le même résultat a été difficile à obtenir lorsque l’opérateur est resté totalement public.
Volume (Year): 77 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
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