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Électricité en Afrique et performance productive

  • Hofman, Lucile

    (CNRS - CERDI, Université d’Auvergne)

  • Plane, Patrick

    (CNRS - CERDI, Université d’Auvergne)

Registered author(s):

    In the mid 1980's, African electric companies embarked on reform programmes, intending to improve their productive efficiency. Twelve of these networks are studied in this paper. At fïrst, parametric production frontier models are estimated on panel data. The Ivorian company, the management of which was privatised in 1990, reveals that this institutional reform helped to increase the productive performance while the same result proved to be difficult to reach where the operator remained fully government-owned. Au milieu des années quatre-vingt, les sociétés africaines d’électricité se sont engagées dans des programmes de réforme ayant pour objet d’améliorer leur efficience productive. Douze de ces réseaux sont étudiés dans cet article. Des frontières de production paramétriques sont d’abord estimées sur données de panel. La société ivoirienne, dont la privatisation a été effectuée en 1990, révèle que cette réforme institutionnelle a aidé à accroître la performance productive tandis que le même résultat a été difficile à obtenir lorsque l’opérateur est resté totalement public.

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    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 77 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
    Pages: 385-408

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:77:y:2001:i:3:p:385-408
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    1. Schmidt, Klaus M., 1996. "The costs and benefits of privatization: An incomplete contracts approach," Munich Reprints in Economics 19773, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    2. TULKENS, Henry & VANDEN EECKAUT, Philippe, 1993. "Non-Parametric Efficiency, Progress and Regress Measures for Panel Data : Methodological Aspects," CORE Discussion Papers 1993016, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    3. Bauer, Paul W., 1990. "Recent developments in the econometric estimation of frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 39-56.
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    9. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    10. Reifschneider, David & Stevenson, Rodney, 1991. "Systematic Departures from the Frontier: A Framework for the Analysis of Firm Inefficiency," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 715-23, August.
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