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Éléments d’analyse d’une synthèse post-classique

Listed author(s):
  • Lavoie, Marc

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

Elements of a Post-Classical Synthesis In the first part of the paper the presuppositions of the neoclassical research program are opposed to the presuppositions of the post-classical research program: the former are instrumentalism, individualism, substantive rationality and scarcity; the latter are realism, organicism, procedural rationality and production. In the second part, the presuppositions of the post-classical program are exemplified within several post-classical theories, such as the theory of production, consumer's theory, the theory of inflation, and so on. It is shown that these various theories can be considered to form a coherent set when they are being viewed in the light of the presuppositions defined above. Dans la première partie, l’auteur oppose les présupposés du programme de recherche néo-classique aux présupposés du programme de recherche post-classique : l’instrumentalisme, l’individualisme, la rationalité globale et la rareté d’une part; le réalisme, l’organicisme, la rationalité procédurale et la production d’autre part. Dans la deuxième partie, ces présupposés du programme post-classique sont présentés dans le cadre des différentes théories post-classiques, telles que la théorie de la production, celle du consommateur, la théorie de l’inflation, etc. Il est démontré que ces diverses théories forment un tout cohérent lorsqu’on les regarde à la lumière des présupposés définis plus haut.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 68 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 607-631

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:68:y:1992:i:4:p:607-631
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  1. Steedman, Ian, 1988. "Sraffian Interdependence and Partial Equilibrium Analysis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 85-95, March.
  2. Kregel, J A, 1976. "Economic Methodology in the Face of Uncertainty: The Modelling Methods of Keynes and the Post-Keynesians," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 86(342), pages 209-225, June.
  3. Davidson, Paul, 1988. "A Technical Definition of Uncertainty and the Long-run Non-neutrality of Money," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(3), pages 329-337, September.
  4. Bils, Mark J, 1985. "Real Wages over the Business Cycle: Evidence from Panel Data," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(4), pages 666-689, August.
  5. Richard Arena, 1989. "A propos du « Détour de valeur »," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 89-110.
  6. Asimakopulos,A., 1991. "Keynes's General Theory and Accumulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521368155.
  7. Pencavel, John, 1987. "Labor supply of men: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-102 Elsevier.
  8. Lawson, Tony, 1989. "Abstraction, Tendencies and Stylised Facts: A Realist Approach to Economic Analysis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(1), pages 59-78, March.
  9. Steedman, Ian, 1985. "On Input 'Demand Curves.'," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(2), pages 165-172, June.
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