IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ris/actuec/v66y1990i1p31-49.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Une taxe nationale de vente doit-elle exempter l’alimentation? Une réponse d’une analyse d’équilibre général dans le cas du Québec

Author

Listed:
  • Lefebvre, Pierre

    (Département de science économique, Université du Québec à Montréal)

  • Mayer, Francine

    (Département de science économique, Université du Québec à Montréal)

Abstract

This paper analyses the national retail sales tax reform proposed in the federal government's June 1987 White Paper on Tax Reform using an applied general equilibrium model of the Quebec economy. The model evaluates the welfare effect and the incidence effects in Quebec of replacing both the federal manufacturer's sales tax and the existing provincial retail sales tax with a two-rate national retail sales tax. We consider two scenarios, the first with food exempt and the second with food taxed. The results show that the reform with food taxed increases the efficiency gains. However, the impact on the distribution of the welfare gains (burden) of the sales tax for 28 representative household groups is only slightly modified by the tax treatment of food. It also appears that the effects of sales tax reforms are very sensitive to the export demand conditions of the economy. Cette étude analyse, à l’aide d’un modèle d’équilibre général de l’économie du Québec, le bien-fondé d’exclure l’alimentation de la base de taxation dans le cadre d’une taxe de vente nationale telle que proposée dans le Livre blanc de juin 1987 du ministère des Finances du Canada. Elle évalue, en termes de bien-être et de sa répartition entre 28 ménages représentatifs de la population du Québec, le remplacement des régimes existants de taxes de vente par une taxe nationale selon deux scénarios : en incluant ou excluant l’alimentation de l’assiette fiscale. Il se dégage des résultats que l’élargissement de la base de taxation à l’alimentation accroît l’efficacité économique mais que le fait d’exclure ou non l’alimentation modifie peu la distribution des gains ou des pertes de bien-être. Il ressort aussi que les résultats sont très sensibles aux conditions de demande d’exportations de l’économie.

Suggested Citation

  • Lefebvre, Pierre & Mayer, Francine, 1990. "Une taxe nationale de vente doit-elle exempter l’alimentation? Une réponse d’une analyse d’équilibre général dans le cas du Québec," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 66(1), pages 31-49, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:66:y:1990:i:1:p:31-49
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/601518ar
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chun-Yan Kuo & Thomas Mcgirr & Satya Poddar, 1988. "Measuring the Non-Neutralities of Sales and Excise Taxes in Canada," Development Discussion Papers 1988-08, JDI Executive Programs.
    2. Dufour, J.M. & Vaillancourt, F., 1981. "Provincial and Federal Sales Taxes: Evidence of Their Effect and Prospect for Change," Cahiers de recherche 8102, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    3. David F. Burgess, 1988. "On the Relevance of Export Demand Conditions for Capital Income Taxation in Open Economies," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 21(2), pages 285-311, May.
    4. W. Erwin Diewert, 1988. "On Tax Reform," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 21(1), pages 1-40, February.
    5. Jones, Rich & Whalley, John, 1988. "Regional effects of taxes in Canada : An applied general equilibrium approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 1-28, October.
    6. Hatta, Tatsuo, 1986. "Welfare effects of changing commodity tax rates toward uniformity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 99-112, February.
    7. Whalley, John, 1980. "Discriminatory Features of Domestic Factor Tax Systems in a Goods Mobile-Factors Immobile Trade Model: An Empirical General Equilibrium Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(6), pages 1177-1202, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:66:y:1990:i:1:p:31-49. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/scseeea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.