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Les revenus et la langue : le cas de la capitale nationale

Author

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  • Grenier, Gilles

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

  • Lacroix, Guy

    (Département d’économique, Université Laval)

Abstract

This paper studies earnings disparities by language group for males in the Ottawa-Hull region using data from the 1981 census. After in a first stage making comparisons of mean earnings, the study then proceeds with regression analysis. The dependent variable is the logarithm of earnings in 1980 and the independent variables are education, experience, number of weeks worked, marital status, bilingualism and language shift. Given the importance of the federal government as an employer in the region, a special analysis is done with workers in the public sector. Among the conclusions of the analysis, it is noted that Francophones have much lower education levels than Anglophones, and that bilingualism does not seem to affect positively the earnings of the Francophones, contrary to what was observed elsewhere. This latter result can be attributed to the small number of unilingual Francophones and to the presence of a selection bias. The knowledge of French, however, affects positively the earnings of Anglophones, especially those who work in the public sector. Cette étude analyse les disparités linguistiques de revenus des hommes dans la région Ottawa-Hull à partir des données du recensement de 1981. Après avoir fait dans un premier temps quelques comparaisons de revenus moyens, l’étude procède ensuite au moyen de l’analyse de régression. La variable dépendante est le logarithme du revenu du travail en 1980 et les variables indépendantes sont l’éducation, l’expérience, le nombre de semaines travaillées, le statut matrimonial, le bilinguisme et le transfert linguistique. Étant donné l’importance du gouvernement fédéral comme employeur dans la région, une analyse spéciale est faite avec les travailleurs du secteur public. Parmi les conclusions qui se dégagent de l’analyse, on note que les francophones ont des niveaux de scolarité beaucoup plus faibles que ceux des anglophones et que le bilinguisme, contrairement à ce qui a été observé ailleurs, ne semble pas avoir un effet net positif sur le revenu des francophones. Ce dernier fait peut être attribué au faible nombre de francophones unilingues et à la présence d’un biais de sélection. Par contre, la connaissance du français aurait un effet net positif sur le revenu des anglophones, particulièrement ceux qui travaillent dans le secteur public.

Suggested Citation

  • Grenier, Gilles & Lacroix, Guy, 1986. "Les revenus et la langue : le cas de la capitale nationale," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 62(3), pages 365-384, septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:62:y:1986:i:3:p:365-384
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    1. Geoffrey Carliner, 1981. "Wage Differences by Language Group and the Market for Language Skills in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 16(3), pages 384-399.
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