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Environmental Determinants of Choice of Sustainability Strategies Adopted by Group Ranches in Samburu County, Kenya


  • Eustace Njagi Kithumbu

    (Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Karatina University, Nairobi, Kenya)

  • Julius M. Huho

    (Prof., Department of Arts and Social Sciences, Garissa University, Nairobi, Kenya)

  • Humphrey Omondi

    (Dr.,Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Karatina University, Narobi,Kenya)


The group ranch system is one of the best land ownership and livestock production strategies in the dry lands of the world where the potential for rain-fed agriculture is limited. Its sustainability relies greately on choice of sustainability strategies adopted by group ranches. Numerous studies on the establishment of group ranches, their dissolution and coping strategies have been conducted but with less focus on the sustainability of the group ranches.This study attempts to fill the gap. It is against this background that this study investigated environmental characteristics influencing choice of sustainability strategies adopted by group ranches in Samburu County, Kenya. The investigation adopted a descriptive survey research design employing use of Questionnaires, Key Informant Interviews, Focus Group Discussions and observation as primary data collection methods.The target population for the study was the 16,611 registered members in 38 group ranches spread out in the County. The study sampled 12 group ranches with approximately 5,643 members from which 374 respondents were systematically sampled. Purposive sampling was used to select Key Informants and the participants in the Focus Group Discussions.The study employed Multi-linear Regression to analyse environmental characteristics determining choice of sustainability strategies. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypothesis and p-value of 0.00 was obtained, indicating that environmental characteristics (rainfall patterns, droughts, temperatures, diseases and floods) significantly influenced choice of sustainability strategies adopted by group ranches in the County. Overall, rainfall patterns were the predominating environmental characteristic with a regression coefficient of 0.317 while diseases had the least influence on choice of sustainability strategies adopted by group ranches in Samburu County, with a regression coefficient of 0.029. The study recommended integration of environmental characteristics in formulating policies for sustainability of group ranches. Key Words:Environmental Determinants, Choice of Sustainability, Strategies, Adoption, Group Rnaches, Samburu Country

Suggested Citation

  • Eustace Njagi Kithumbu & Julius M. Huho & Humphrey Omondi, 2017. "Environmental Determinants of Choice of Sustainability Strategies Adopted by Group Ranches in Samburu County, Kenya," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(3), pages 24-32, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:6:y:2017:i:3:p:24-34

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deressa, Temesgen Tadesse & Ringler, Claudia & Hassan, Rashid M., 2010. "Factors affecting the choices of coping strategies for climate extremes: The case of farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia," IFPRI discussion papers 1032, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Mwangi, Esther, 2007. "Subdividing the Commons: Distributional Conflict in the Transition from Collective to Individual Property Rights in Kenya's Maasailand," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 815-834, May.
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