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Betriebliche Mitbestimmung in der Krise – welche Rolle spielt das soziale Kapital der Beschaeftigten? (Workplace Codetermination the Crisis: what Role is Played by the Employees’ Social Capital?)

Author

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  • Tobias Hucker

Abstract

Die betriebliche Mitbestimmung hat in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten massiv an Bedeutung verloren und erreicht heute lediglich eine Minderheit der in Deutschland beschaeftigten Personen. Bisherige Erklaerungsansaetze verweisen auf wirtschaftliche, betriebliche und beschaeftigungsstrukturelle Veraenderungen, die der Ausbreitung betrieblicher Mitbestimmungsformen entgegenstehen. Andere Ansaetze beziehen sich auf unternehmenspolitische Strategien, mit denen die Wahl von Betriebsraeten gezielt verhindert werden soll. Im Folgenden wird die Perspektive gewechselt und der Fokus auf das interessenpolitische Engagement der Beschaeftigten gelegt, das fuer die Konstituierung eines Betriebsrates notwendig ist. Die Hypothese ist, dass die aktuelle Schwaeche der Mitbestimmung auch auf eine abnehmende Organisationsfaehigkeit der Beschaeftigten zurueckzufuehren ist. Das theoretische Konzept des Sozialen Kapitals wird als Erklaerung fuer gesellschaftliche und organisationale Entwicklungen herangezogen, die sich negativ auf die Moeglichkeiten der Beschaeftigten auswirken, ihre Mitbestimmungsrechte geltend zu machen und kodifizierte Beteiligungsstrukturen in ihren Unternehmen zu etablieren. (The relevance of workplace codetermination has declined dramatically over the last decades. Today, only a minority of employees in Germany works in companies that operate legal forms of workers' representation. Typically, explanations refer to economic, organizational and occupational change processes obstructing the proliferation of workplace codetermination. Other approaches relate to managerial strategies and policies used to prevent the election of works councils within the companies. In contrast, this article focuses on the political activity of employees in relation to the formation of works councils. It is argued that the current weakness of codetermination is also grounded in a declining ability of employees to organize. The theoretical concept of social capital is used to explain how different social processes constrain the opportunities for employees to establish works councils in their companies.)

Suggested Citation

  • Tobias Hucker, 2010. "Betriebliche Mitbestimmung in der Krise – welche Rolle spielt das soziale Kapital der Beschaeftigten? (Workplace Codetermination the Crisis: what Role is Played by the Employees’ Social Capital?)," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 17(1), pages 54-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2010_01_hucker
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    Keywords

    co-determination; works councils; social capital;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • J83 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Workers' Rights
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management

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