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Vieillissement de la population, pouvoir électoral, système de retraites et croissance

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  • Patrick Artus
  • Florence Legros

Abstract

[fre] Vieillissement de la population, pouvoir électoral, système de retraites et croissance. . Après avoir décrit les évolutions démographiques, et avoir passé en revue les revendications des retraités concernant l'organisation du système de retraite, nous utilisons une modélisation théorique simple pour déterminer dans quelle mesure le système de retraite diffère du système optimal s'il est choisi pour maximiser le bien-être d'un groupe particulier (les « jeunes » actifs, les « vieux » retraités). [eng] "Ageing populations, political behaviour, retirement pension schemes and economic growth". . We describe demographic evolutions and the various claims retired people have concerning the organization of the pension system. Then, we use a simple theoretical model to analyze how the pension system differs from the optimal sys­tem if it is designed by a particular social group (the young, the retired...).

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Artus & Florence Legros, 1997. "Vieillissement de la population, pouvoir électoral, système de retraites et croissance," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(4), pages 899-920.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_4_409921
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409921
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1993. "Factor Shares and Savings in Endogenous Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1184-1198, December.
    2. Artus, P., 1993. "Croissance, dette et repartition des revenus," Papers 1993-17-t, Caisse des Depots et Consignations - Cahiers de recherche.
    3. Artus,P. & Legros, F., 1996. "Reduction des deficits publics et repartition des revenus dans une economie ouverte vieillissante," Papers 1996-06/t, Caisse des Depots et Consignations - Cahiers de recherche.
    4. Boadway, Robin & Marchand, Maurice & Pestieau, Pierre, 1991. "Pay-as-You-Go Social Security in a Changing Environment," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 4(4), pages 257-280, November.
    5. Hansson, Ingemar & Stuart, Charles, 1989. "Social Security as Trade among Living Generations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1182-1195, December.
    6. Diamond, P., 1994. "Insulations of pensions from Political Risk," Working papers 94-20, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    7. Alberto Alesina & Guido Tabellini, 1990. "A Positive Theory of Fiscal Deficits and Government Debt," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(3), pages 403-414.
    8. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    9. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-I-Martin, 1992. "Public Finance in Models of Economic Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 59(4), pages 645-661.
    10. Veall, Michael R., 1986. "Public pensions as optimal social contracts," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 237-251, November.
    11. Alesina, Alberto & Drazen, Allan, 1991. "Why Are Stabilizations Delayed?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1170-1188, December.
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