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Systèmes de production et d'innovation, et dynamique des territoires

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  • Michel Quéré
  • Christian Longhi

Abstract

[fre] Systèmes de production et d'innovation, et dynamique des territoires. . Cet article tente de dépasser les contraintes analytiques rencontrées par deux des principaux courants de pensée moderne traitant de la dynamique territoriale. Les théories dynamiques non déterministes de la localisation, qui ne rendent pas totalement compte des phénomènes d'interdépendance entre les agents dans les processus de changement ; les descriptions empiriques des dynamiques d'agglomération locale de type « districts industriels » ou « milieux innovateurs », qui ne peu­vent déboucher sur une appréhension analytique générale des modes de développement localisés. L'enjeu de cet article est alors de proposer une problématique d'organisation industrielle centrée sur la capacité des agents à s'adapter au changement structurel en s'engageant dans des choix innovateurs qui reconfi­gurent en dynamique leur appréhension des processus de production et leur inscription territoriale. À cet effet, nous tentons de définir la notion de système localisé de production et d'innovation comme objet de l'analyse économique ren­dant compte de ce double caractère endogène de la technologie et du territoire. [eng] Local systems of innovation and territorial dynamics. . In this paper, some analytical issues on industrial dynamics are stressed. The first aim is to address the limits of two kinds of analyses characterizing the dynamic history of productive Systems. On the one hand, positive feedbacks, and path dependencies are not able to characterize the actual character of the relationships which exist between the agents inside a peculiar System facing a process of change. On the other hand, « industrial districts » or « innovative milieux » are descriptive statements of case studies, so as it appears difficult to stem some general analytical implications on local Systems from them. Thus, the second aim of the paper is to focus on localized Systems of innovation as a specifie analytical tool which allows to consider jointly technology and locali-zation's effects as an endogenous variable in innovative strategies developed by agents.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Quéré & Christian Longhi, 1993. "Systèmes de production et d'innovation, et dynamique des territoires," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(4), pages 713-724.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1993_num_44_4_409474
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1993.409474
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Paul-Marie Romani, 1990. "A propos de la localisation des activités industrielles : le district marshallien," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(3), pages 171-185.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "History and Industry Location: The Case of the Manufacturing Belt," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 80-83, May.
    3. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-1171, September.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6503 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Masahiko Aoki, 2013. "Toward an Economic Model of the Japanese Firm," Chapters,in: Comparative Institutional Analysis, chapter 18, pages 315-341 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Jean-Luc Gaffard, 1990. "Economie industrielle et de l'innovation," Post-Print halshs-00420501, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillem ACHERMANN, 2013. "Le système territorial d’innovation THE TERRITORIAL INNOVATION SYSTEM," Working Papers 261, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    2. Maris CORIS (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Jean-Bernard LAYAN (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Damien TALBOT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of firms (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-20, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    3. Pier Paolo Patrucco, 2003. "Institutional Variety, Networking and Knowledge Exchange: Communication and Innovation in the Case of the Brianza Technological District," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 159-172.
    4. Leroux, Isabelle, 2000. "The Role Of Negotiation In The Structuring Of Territory: The Case Of Biotechnologies In Toulouse," ERSA conference papers ersa00p71, European Regional Science Association.

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