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Commerce intra-branche et intra-produit dans la spécialisation internationale de la France : 1960-1985

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Louis Mucchielli
  • Fabrice Mazerolle

[eng] Intra-industry, intra-product trade and international specialization : the french experience between 1960-1985 The theory of intra-industry trade has been widely developed these last ten years. All the theoretical approaches take as given the empirical predominance of trade of similar products between countries with a similar development. A systematic statistical analysis for French trade show the limits of a susch a priorism. The global intra-industry trade is decomposed by geographical areas and by bilateral partners. Results indicate a high decrease of the intra-industry trade ratios when trade is geographically decomposed. The bilateral intra-industry trade is low and stable since the seventies. The examination of exchanges between France and Federal Republic of Germany show also that when intra-industry trade takes really place it is for intermediary and production goods. These two empiricals results ask a number of questions to the theoretical models of imperfect competition and differentiation of products which dominates actually the intra-industry trade explanations. They indicate also the importance that approaches in term of comparative advantages have to keep in the analysis. [fre] Commerce intra-branche et intra-produit dans la spécialisation internationale de la France : 1960-1985 Le commerce intra-branche fait l'objet d'un effort de théorisation depuis une dizaine d'années. Toutes les approches théoriques prennant pour base empirique l'importance du commerce de produits similaires entre pays à développement comparable. L'analyse statistique systématique pour la France, qui est menée ici, tend à montrer les limites d'une telle généralisation de données partielles. Le commerce intra-branche global est alors décomposé par zones géographiques et par relations bilatérales entre la France et ses partenaires. Les résultats indiquent une forte chute des ratios d'intra-branche lors de la décomposition géographique. Le commerce intra-branche bilatéral reste peu élevé et stagne depuis les années 1970. De plus, l'examen approfondi du commerce franco-allemand indique que lorsqu'il y a effectivement échange intra-branche, celui-ci se porte en général sur des biens intermédiaires et d'équipement. Ces deux résultats empiriques posent sans doute un certain nombre de questions aux modèles théoriques de concurrence imparfaite et de différenciation des produits dominant à l'heure actuelle les explications du commerce intra-branche. Ils indiquent, par ailleurs, l'importance que doivent conserveries approches en termes d'avantages comparatifs dans la réflexion.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 39 (1988)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1193-1218

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1988_num_39_6_409119
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1988.409119
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Brander, James & Krugman, Paul, 1983. "A 'reciprocal dumping' model of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 313-321, November.
  2. Antonio Aquino, 1978. "Intra-industry trade and inter-industry specialization as concurrent sources of International Trade in manufactures," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 114(2), pages 275-296, June.
  3. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & B. Lassudrie-Duchêne, 1979. "Les échanges intra-branche et la hiérarchisation des avantages comparés dans le commerce international," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(3), pages 442-486.
  4. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1980. "Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 151-175, May.
  5. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  6. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132-132.
  7. Greenaway, David & Milner, Chris R, 1983. "On the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 900-908, December.
  8. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
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