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Déficit du commerce industriel de la France et capacités de production : un examen sectoriel

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  • Patrick Artus
  • Éric Bleuze

Abstract

[fre] pour la plupart des branches industrielles : plus précisément c'est la croissance insuffisante des capacités de production qui est en cause et non la profitabilité à l'exportation. . Le déséquilibre extérieur s'accentue dans la plupart des branches industrielles depuis le début des années quatre- vingt, comme en témoigne la baisse des taux de couverture de nos achats à l'étranger par nos ventes à l'exportation. . Si les travaux d'analyse de ces évolutions n'aboutissent pas à un diagnostic unique, ils mettent souvent en lumière les faiblesses de l'offre. Cette explication est confirmée . La poursuite de l'effort d'investissement apparaît donc nécessaire au rétablissement d'une balance commerciale équilibrée. [spa] Déficit del comercio industrial en Francia y capacidad de produccion : examen sectorial - El desequilibrio exterior se acentuó en la mayoría de las ramas industriales desde el inicio de la decada de los ochenta, así como lo testimonia la baja de las tasas de cobertura de nuestras compras en el exterior a través de nuestras ventas en concepto de exportación. Si los análisis de esas evoluciones no conducen a un único diagnóstico, éstos ponen de relieve, frecuentemente, la escasez de la oferta Dicha explicación se ve confirmada en la mayoría de las ramas industriales, precisamente lo que esté en tela de juicio es el crecimiento insuficiente de la capacidad de produccion y no los beneficios de la exportación. La prosecución del esfuerzo de inversion surge como un elemento fundamental para el restablecimiento de una balanza comercial equilibrada. [eng] The French Industrial Trade Deficit vs. France's Productive Capacity: a Sector-Based Study - The trade deficit has become wider in most industrial sectors since the early eighties. This is demonstrated by the drop in the rate by which our purchases abroad are balanced by our exports. . Though the various studies of this trend do not reach the same conclusions, they often throw light on the weaknesses of the supply side. This is confirmed in most industrial sectors. To be more precise, the responsibility belongs to the insufficient growth of the capacity of production and not to the relative profitability of exports. . Thus, an increased effort for investment seems to be necessary if France is to recover an even balance of trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Artus & Éric Bleuze, 1990. "Déficit du commerce industriel de la France et capacités de production : un examen sectoriel," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 228(1), pages 19-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1990_num_228_1_5408
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1990.5408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brander, James & Krugman, Paul, 1983. "A 'reciprocal dumping' model of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 313-321, November.
    2. Patrick Artus & Sanvi Avouyi-Dovi & Jean-Pierre Laffargue, 1987. "Un modèle économétrique de déséquilibre à deux secteurs et son apport à l'analyse des politiques économiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 21(1), pages 211-236.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    4. Patrick Artus, 1986. "Comment fonctionne le marché des exportations ?," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 2, pages 3-36.
    5. Dominique Guellec & Pierre Ralle, 1989. "Croître plus sans augmenter le déficit commercial ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 217(1), pages 73-81.
    6. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & Fabrice Mazerolle, 1988. "Commerce intra-branche et intra-produit dans la spécialisation internationale de la France : 1960-1985," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(6), pages 1193-1218.
    7. repec:adr:anecst:y:1986:i:2:p:01 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1987. "Exchange Rates and Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 93-106, March.
    9. Krugman, Paul, 1989. "Differences in income elasticities and trends in real exchange rates," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 1031-1046, May.
    10. repec:adr:anecst:y:1986:i:2 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Patrick Artus, 1986. "Demande intérieure et commerce extérieur de produits industriels : une approche par le déséquilibre," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 37(1), pages 31-66.
    12. Etienne Turpin, 1989. "Le commerce extérieur français : une spécialisation industrielle fragile," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 217(1), pages 51-61.
    13. Jacques Le Cacheux & François Lecointe, 1987. "Changes réels et compétitivité de la France, l'Italie, la RFA et les Etats-Unis," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 20(1), pages 149-187.
    14. Paul R. Krugman & Richard E. Baldwin, 1987. "The Persistence of the U.S. Trade Deficit," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(1), pages 1-56.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre Joly, 1990. "Degrés d'utilisation des facteurs de production : impact sur les équilibres économiques," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 231(1), pages 89-104.
    2. Magali Demotes-Mainard, 1991. "Vingt ans de croissance industrielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 244(1), pages 5-13.

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