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Pouvoir de monopole et répartition salaires-profits

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  • David Encaoua
  • Bernard Franck

Abstract

[fre] Monopole power and distributive shares . David Encaoua, Bernard Franck. Starting from the theory tvhich relates relative factor shares to monopoly power, we try here to explain cross-industrial variations in the distribution of value-added. The model is tested upon a sample of 270 french industries for the year 1974. In the first section, we show that relative shares are significantly linked with a set of market structure variables which are determinants of monopoly power. Notably, the share of gross profits is an increasing function of sellers concentration.. In the second section, we take into account the internal structure of industries. We distinguish industries where most firms are isolated and single-product from industries dominated by subsidiaries of large industrial groups. These groups constitue a form of organisation which seems to us similar to the U.S. multidivisionnal corporation. The relation previously tested is still observed in the first category of industries but does not work any more in the industries where groups are strongly implanted. It seems so that, in these industries, distributive shares are not influenced by market power variables but rather by the properties of the structural organization of industrial groups which enables them to capture benefits of internal coordination and to secure a higher share of value-addes. [eng] Monopole power and distributive shares . David Encaoua, Bernard Franck. Starting from the theory tvhich relates relative factor shares to monopoly power, we try here to explain cross-industrial variations in the distribution of value-added. The model is tested upon a sample of 270 french industries for the year 1974. In the first section, we show that relative shares are significantly linked with a set of market structure variables which are determinants of monopoly power. Notably, the share of gross profits is an increasing function of sellers concentration.. In the second section, we take into account the internal structure of industries. We distinguish industries where most firms are isolated and single-product from industries dominated by subsidiaries of large industrial groups. These groups constitue a form of organisation which seems to us similar to the U.S. multidivisionnal corporation. The relation previously tested is still observed in the first category of industries but does not work any more in the industries where groups are strongly implanted. It seems so that, in these industries, distributive shares are not influenced by market power variables but rather by the properties of the structural organization of industrial groups which enables them to capture benefits of internal coordination and to secure a higher share of value-addes.

Suggested Citation

  • David Encaoua & Bernard Franck, 1982. "Pouvoir de monopole et répartition salaires-profits," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 33(1), pages 107-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1982_num_33_1_408644
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Iwata, Gyoichi, 1974. "Measurement of Conjectural Variations in Oligopoly," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(5), pages 947-966, September.
    2. Newman, Howard H, 1978. "Strategic Groups and the Structure-Performance Relationship," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(3), pages 417-427, August.
    3. A. Michael Spence, 1977. "Entry, Capacity, Investment and Oligopolistic Pricing," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 8(2), pages 534-544, Autumn.
    4. Paolo Sylos-Labini, 1979. "Prices and Income Distribution in Manufacturing Industry," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 3-25, October.
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