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Innovation, Labour Mobility and Growth in Transition Economies

Author

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  • Gérard Duchêne
  • Philippe Rusin
  • Géomina Turlea

Abstract

[eng] All debates on privatisation and relations between production and employment show the importance of small firms in the transformation process of the Eastern European countries, considering contribution to growth as well as changes in the labour market. But these small firms are of two different types, which go from the traditional survival activity to the dynamic start-up. This contribution aims firstly at analysing which forms the small firms can take in the economies in transition, which leads to show the role of the differential of income between the self-employed and the salaried employees in the transition process. Secondly, it presents the empirical elements, which allow us to make a real evaluation of the mentioned processes possible and a validation of the conclusions, suggested by comparing two polar cases of transition, Poland and Romania. . JEL classifications : J60, P23, P31 [fre] Innovation, mobilité du travail et croissance dans la transition . Les débats concernant la privatisation et la relation production-emploi pointent l’importance des petites firmes dans la transformation des pays de l’Est, tant du point de vue du retour à la croissance que de celui des transformations du marché du travail. Mais ces petites firmes revêtent visiblement deux formes bien différentes : l’activité de survie traditionnelle ou la start-up dynamique. La présente contribution vise à analyser les formes que peut prendre la petite firme dans les économies en transition, ce qui met en évidence le rôle du différentiel de revenu entre entreprise individuelle et salariat dans le processus de transition. Puis, nous présentons les éléments empiriques qui permettent de prendre la mesure réelle des processus évoqués et de valider les conclusions qui auront été avancées en comparant deux cas opposés de transition, la Pologne et la Roumanie. . Classification JEL : J60, P23, P31

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Duchêne & Philippe Rusin & Géomina Turlea, 2001. "Innovation, Labour Mobility and Growth in Transition Economies," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 6(1), pages 441-459.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_1767-4603_2001_hos_6_1_4574
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2001.4574
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boeri, Tito, 1997. "Heterogeneous workers, economic transformation and the stagnancy of transitional unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 905-914, April.
    2. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-351, March.
    3. Mark De Broeck & Vincent Koen, 2001. "The “Soaring Eagle”: Anatomy of the Polish Take-Off in the 1990s," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 43(2), pages 1-33, July.
    4. Gérard Duchêne, 1993. "Le niveau de développement de la CEI," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 109(3), pages 121-132.
    5. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1989. "Product Development and International Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1261-1283, December.
    6. Philippe Aghion & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition in Central Europe," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 283-330 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. David Blanchflower & A Oswald, 1993. "Entrepreneurship," CEP Discussion Papers dp0134, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Lars Calmfors, 1993. "Centralisation of Wage Bargaining and Macroeconomic Performance: A Survey," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 131, OECD Publishing.
    9. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-444, June.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions

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