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Délocalisations et externalisations gagnent la finance européenne

  • Georges Pujals
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    [eng] Offshoring and outsourcing gather momentum in the European financial services The main objective of this paper is to investigate what are the facts and implications about offshoring and outsourcing in the financial sector. Offshoring of services has received an enormous amount of attention in the political circles in recent times. Let alone its consequences, offshoring does not appear to be widely understood. Therefore, we thought it would be useful to examine this phenomenon to distinguish facts from exaggerated claims. Given the attractiveness of the phenomenon and the potential implications for competitiveness, there is a need for more analysis on the corporate strategies underlying this trend. In that way, our study will describe the offshoring phenomenon from the financial sector point of view. Although offshoring concern many industries, numerous studies have shown that offshoring and outsourcing scenes are currently dominated by financial services companies. Classification JEL : F23, G2, L23 [fre] Le sujet des délocalisations s’est une nouvelle fois imposé dans le débat politique récent. Par ailleurs, il apparaît que les termes « délocalisation » et « externalisation » sont souvent utilisés, à tort, de façon interchangeable. Après avoir initialement touché les activités industrielles, ces phénomènes prennent aujourd’hui une dimension nouvelle au fur et à mesure qu’ils affectent des activités à plus forte valeur ajoutée. En raison du manque de données sur l’ampleur des phénomènes étudiés, nous utiliserons les résultats d’enquêtes réalisées par les cabinets de conseil auprès des dirigeants d’entreprises. Bien que conscient des limites de cet exercice, le présent article nous permet d’établir un panorama détaillé de ces deux processus à travers l’étude spécifique de l’industrie des services financiers. En effet, elle a été l’une des plus dynamiques au cours de la période récente. Classification JEL : F23, G2, L23

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie financière.

    Volume (Year): 90 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 117-147

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2007_num_90_4_4406
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2007.4406
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    1. Georges Pujals, 2005. "L’Europe bancaire en mouvement… !," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 78(1), pages 19-46.
    2. Georges Pujals, 2005. "Délocalisations et externalisations dans le secteur financier," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 94(3), pages 212-238.
    3. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2005. "Face aux délocalisations, quelle politique économique en France ?," Post-Print hal-01020819, HAL.
    4. Fabien Besson & Cédric Durand, 2006. "Délocalisations de services : quels enjeux pour les politiques publiques," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00135920, HAL.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/129 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bardhan, Ashok Deo & Kroll, Cynthia, 2003. "The New Wave of Outsourcing," Fisher Center for Real Estate & Urban Economics, Research Reports qt02f8z392, Fisher Center for Real Estate & Urban Economics, UC Berkeley.
    7. Drumetz, F., 2004. "La délocalisation," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 132, pages 27-42.
    8. Lionel Fontagné & Jean-Hervé Lorenzi, 2005. "Désindustrialisation, délocalisations," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00310930, HAL.
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