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La montée en puissance de la Chine dans le commerce mondial : une réussite spectaculaire pour une économie fragile

Listed author(s):
  • Mary-Françoise Renard
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    [fre] En une vingtaine d’années, la Chine est devenue l’un des acteurs essentiels dans le commerce mondial, après avoir connu pendant 30 ans une situation de quasi-autarcie. Cette performance résulte d’une politique économique à la fois incitative pour les firmes nationales et attractive pour les firmes étrangères. Si l’évolution de la spécialisation reflète une montée en gamme dans la qualité des produits, elle traduit aussi la prépondérance des firmes multinationales dont dépend très largement le commerce extérieur. La Chine est fortement intégrée dans les réseaux productifs et commerciaux asiatiques, ce qui lui permet d’être très compétitive. Mais cette réussite sera dans l’avenir soumise à la capacité du gouvernement à poursuivre la partie la plus difficile des réformes, à gérer des intérêts divergents tout en maintenant un taux de croissance élevé. Classification JEL : F14, O19, O53 [eng] The increasing share of China in international trade : a successful story for a fragile economy Since the 80s, China became one of the main actors of international trade, after an autarky of thirty years. This is due to an economic policy providing incentives both for national and foreign firms. China is still specialised in labour intensive products, but is also trying to upgrade the quality of the products. Foreign trade depends heavily on foreign firms. The country is highly integrated in the Asian production networks, which sustains its competitiveness. But, this success will rely on the capability of the government to continue the most difficult part of the reforms, to coordinate different interests while keeping a high growth rate. JEL classification : F14, O19, O53

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie financière.

    Volume (Year): 77 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 43-61

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2004_num_77_4_4171
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2004.4171
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    1. Jean-François BRUN & Jean-Louis COMBES & Pascale COMBES MOTEL & Mary-Françoise RENARD, 2002. "Increased Exposure of China to Asymmetric External Shocks: Is Fiscal Federalism an Efficient Answer?," Working Papers 200217, CERDI.
    2. Enrico Spolaore & Alberto Alesina & Romain Wacziarg, 2000. "Economic Integration and Political Disintegration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1276-1296, December.
    3. Jiawen Yang & Hossein Askari & John Forrer & Hildy Teegen, 2004. "US Economic Sanctions Against China: Who Gets Hurt?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(7), pages 1047-1081, 07.
    4. Mary-Françoise Renard (ed.), 2002. "China and its Regions," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2292.
    5. Li Shantong & Zhai Fan, 2002. "China's WTO Accession and Implications for its Regional Economies," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 92, pages 67-102.
    6. Huang, Jikun & Hu, Ruifa & van Meijl, Hans & van Tongeren, Frank, 2004. "Biotechnology boosts to crop productivity in China: trade and welfare implications," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 27-54, October.
    7. Wang, L. & Szirmai, A.S., 2003. "Technological Inputs and Productivity Growth in China�s High-Tech Industries," Working Papers 03.27, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies.
    8. Brun, J. F. & Combes, J. L. & Renard, M. F., 2002. "Are there spillover effects between coastal and noncoastal regions in China?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 161-169.
    9. Francoise Lemoine & Deniz Unal-Kesenci, 2002. "Chine : spécialisation internationale et rattrapage technologique," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 92, pages 11-40.
    10. Shafaeddin, S. M., 2004. "Is China's accession to WTO threatening exports of developing countries?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 109-144, January.
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