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Cible de niveau de prix versus cible d'inflation : état des lieux et perspectives

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  • Ludovic Aubert
  • Didier Eyssartier

Abstract

[eng] Price level versus inflation targeting : achievement and challenges . Should a central Bank target the inflation or rather the price level to maximise the social welfare ? This article analyses this question which is essentially set in a new keynesian framework, characterised by nominal rigidities and rational anticipations. First, this article exposes inherent mechanisms to the two types of target. Then it gives an outline of the stakes on which the studies on this subject mainly focused. The authors introduce then the notion of credibility of the monetary policy into a new keynesian environment, a good understanding of which is necessary for the intuition of the results on the choice of the target. Finally, the discussion is widened by introducing various additional aspects susceptible to be more effectively resolved under a price level targeting. . JEL classifications : E5, E52. [fre] Une Banque centrale doit-elle cibler l’inflation ou plutôt le niveau des prix afin de maximiser le bien-être social ? Cet article fait un point sur cette question qui s’est essentiellement posée, dans un cadre nouveau keynésien, caractérisé par la présence de rigidités nominales et d’anticipations rationnelles. Tout d’abord, cet article expose les mécanismes inhérents aux deux types de cible. Puis il donne un rapide aperçu des enjeux sur lesquels les études sur ce thème se sont principalement concentrées. Les auteurs introduisent ensuite la notion de crédibilité de la politique monétaire dans un environnement nouveau keynésien dont une bonne compréhension est nécessaire à l’intuition des résultats sur le choix de la cible. Enfin, la discussion est élargie en introduisant différents aspects complémentaires susceptibles d’être résolus plus efficacement sous une cible de niveau de prix. . Classification JEL : E5, E52,

Suggested Citation

  • Ludovic Aubert & Didier Eyssartier, 2002. "Cible de niveau de prix versus cible d'inflation : état des lieux et perspectives," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 65(1), pages 201-227.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2002_num_65_1_3774
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2002.3774
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kenneth Rogoff, 1985. "The Optimal Degree of Commitment to an Intermediate Monetary Target," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1169-1189.
    2. Fuhrer, Jeffrey C, 1997. "The (Un)Importance of Forward-Looking Behavior in Price Specifications," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(3), pages 338-350, August.
    3. Barro, Robert J. & Gordon, David B., 1983. "Rules, discretion and reputation in a model of monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 101-121.
    4. Richard Clarida & Jordi Galí & Mark Gertler, 2000. "Monetary Policy Rules and Macroeconomic Stability: Evidence and Some Theory," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(1), pages 147-180.
    5. Robert King & Alexander L. Wolman, 1999. "What Should the Monetary Authority Do When Prices Are Sticky?," NBER Chapters,in: Monetary Policy Rules, pages 349-404 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Smets, Frank, 2000. "What horizon for price stability," Working Paper Series 0024, European Central Bank.
    7. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Michael Ehrmann, 2002. "Does Inflation Targeting Increase Output Volatility?: An International Comparison of Policymakers' Preferences and Outcomes," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series (ed.), Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 9, pages 247-274 Central Bank of Chile.
    8. Robert Dittmar & William T. Gavin, 2000. "What do New-Keynesian Phillips Curves imply for price-level targeting?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 21-30.
    9. Michael Woodford, 1999. "Optimal monetary policy inertia," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    10. McCallum, Bennett T., 1999. "Issues in the design of monetary policy rules," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 23, pages 1483-1530 Elsevier.
    11. Roberts, John M, 1995. "New Keynesian Economics and the Phillips Curve," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(4), pages 975-984, November.
    12. Michael Woodford, 2000. "Pitfalls of Forward-Looking Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 100-104, May.
    13. Benjamin M. Friedman, 1999. "The Future of Monetary Policy: The Central Bank as an Army With Only a Signal Corps," NBER Working Papers 7420, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Friedman, Benjamin M, 1999. "The Future of Monetary Policy: The Central Bank as an Army with Only a Signal Corps?," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 321-338, November.
    15. Summers, Lawrence, 1991. "How Should Long-Term Monetary Policy Be Determined? Panel Discussion," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 625-631, August.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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