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Évaluation publique de la production de biocarburants. Application au cas de l'ester méthylique de colza


  • Sandrine Costa
  • Vincent Réquillart


[eng] This paper analyses the costs and advantages of producing biofuels from processing agricultural produce. Taking the example of rapeseed methyl ester, we propose a methodological framework adapted to the European agricultural context to evaluate the redistributive benefit of an income gain for agricultural producers and the induced effects of these projects on the agricultural markets. Application to a French project shows that the induced effects on the agricultural markets substantially improve the cost/benefit effectiveness of the rapeseed methyl ester production project. However, the redistributive benefit of an agricultural income gain and the effects on the agricultural markets would apparently not be enough to offset this project's deficit. This is still found to be the case even when allowance is made for the agricultural productivity gains associated with the production of hybrid rapeseed. [fre] On analyse les coûts et avantages d'une production de biocarburants, résultant de la transformation de produits agricoles. À partir de l'exemple de l'ester méthylique de colza, on propose un cadre méthodologique adapté au contexte agricole européen, qui permet d'évaluer le bénéfice redistributif d'un gain de revenu des producteurs agricoles ainsi que les effets induits par ces projets sur les marchés agricoles. L'application au cas d'un projet français montre que les effets induits sur les marchés agricoles améliorent sensiblement le bilan coûts-avantages du projet de production d'ester méthylique de colza. Cependant, le bénéfice redistributif d'un gain de revenu agricole et les effets sur les marchés agricoles ne suffiraient apparemment pas à combler le déficit de ce projet, et ce même si l'on tient compte des gains de productivité agricole associés à la production de colza hybride.

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  • Sandrine Costa & Vincent Réquillart, 2000. "Évaluation publique de la production de biocarburants. Application au cas de l'ester méthylique de colza," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 27-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_142_1_5986
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.5986

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dreze, Jean & Stern, Nicholas, 1987. "The theory of cost-benefit analysis," Handbook of Public Economics,in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 14, pages 909-989 Elsevier.
    2. Diewert, W. E., 1983. "Cost-benefit analysis and project evaluation : A comparison of alternative approaches," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 265-302, December.
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    1. Rozakis, S. & Sourie, J. -C., 2005. "Micro-economic modelling of biofuel system in France to determine tax exemption policy under uncertainty," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 171-182, January.

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