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Effets des formations professionnelles et des aides à l'embauche : exploitation d'une enquête auprès d'employeurs belges

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  • Bruno Van der Linden

Abstract

[fre] Effets des formations professionnelles et des aides à l'embauche : . exploitation d'une enquête auprès d'employeurs belges . par Bruno Van der Linden . Au départ d'une enquête auprès d'employeurs, cet article estime tout d'abord l'importance des effets de perte sèche et de substitution engendrés par les subsides à l'embauche et les formations professionnelles de chômeurs. Il s'intéresse ensuite à l'influence de ces politiques sur la durée d'embauché. La fréquence de l'effet de perte sèche s'élève à 53 % pour les subsides à l'embauche et 35 % pour les formations. Les subsides à l'embauche engendrent de la substitution dans 35 % des cas. L'effet des politiques sur la durée d'embauché est sensible au choix de la distribution de l'hétérogénéité non observée. La participation aux politiques favorise un allongement de la durée d'occupation mais seul l'effet des formations subsidiées en entreprise est significativement différent de zéro. [eng] Assessing the Effects of Job Training and Hiring Subsidies Using a Survey of Belgian Employers . by Bruno Van der Linden . This article uses a survey of employers to estimate the outright loss effects and substitution effects stemming from hiring subsidies and job training for the unemployed. It then looks at the influence of these policies on job tenure. The frequency of the outright loss effect reaches 53% for hiring subsidies and 35% for job training. Hiring subsidies give rise to substitution in 35% of the cases. The effect of policies on job tenure is sensitive to the distribution chosen for the unobserved heterogeneity. Participation in employment policy measures promotes longer job tenure, but the effect of subsidised workplace training is the only one that is significantly different from zero.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Van der Linden, 1997. "Effets des formations professionnelles et des aides à l'embauche : exploitation d'une enquête auprès d'employeurs belges," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 131(5), pages 113-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_131_5_5888
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1997.5888
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. LaLonde, Robert J, 1986. "Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 604-620, September.
    2. Meyer, Bruce D, 1990. "Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 757-782, July.
    3. Dor, Eric & Van der Linden, Bruno & Lopez-Novella, Maritza, 1997. "On Labour Market Policies and Aggregate Unemployment Outflows," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(1), pages 109-131, February.
    4. Erik SCHOKKAERT & Luc VAN OOTEGEM, 1990. "Sen's Concept of the Living Standard applied to the Belgian Unemployed," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 1990039, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    5. Cockx, Bart & Van der Linden, Bruno & Karaa, Adel, 1998. "Active Labour Market Policies and Job Tenure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 685-708, October.
    6. de Koning, Jaap, 1993. "Measuring the Placement Effects of Two Wage-Subsidy Schemes for the Long-Term Unemployed," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 447-468.
    7. Thomas Fraker & Rebecca Maynard, 1987. "The Adequacy of Comparison Group Designs for Evaluations of Employment-Related Programs," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(2), pages 194-227.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bart Cockx & Henri Sneessens & Bruno Van der linden, 2004. "Allégements de charges sociales : une mesure à promouvoir mais à réformer," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 55-68.
    2. Christine Erhel & Jérôme Gautié & Bernard Gazier, 1999. "Qu'a-t-on appris sur le lien salaire/ emploi grâce aux débats sur les politiques de l'emploi ?," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 34(1), pages 257-287.
    3. Cockx, Bart & Bardoulat, Isabelle, 1999. "Vocational Training: Does it speed up the Transition Rate out of Unemployment ?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1999032, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. Van der Linden, Bruno & Dor, Eric, 2001. "Labor Market Policies and Equilibrium Employment : Theory and Application for Belgium," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2001005, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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