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Plans d'ajustement et disponibilité des facteurs de production importés

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  • Sébastien Dessus

Abstract

[fre] Plans d'ajustement et disponibilité des facteurs de production importés, . par Sébastien Dessus.. . Les politiques d'ajustement des soldes extérieurs n'ont elles pas affecté l'efficacité économique des entreprises en créant une contrainte de disponibilité de facteurs de production importés ? La modélisation de la demande d'importation d'intrants et de biens d'équipement faisant appel à l'économétrie du déséquilibre pour rendre compte d'une possible dichotomie entre décisions de l'Etat et du secteur privé, source du rationnement, est un élément de réponse. Cette spécification, estimée sur un panel de 26 pays en voie de développement de 1980 à 1984, permet d'observer que la probabilité moyenne des entreprises à être contraintes sur leurs demandes notionnelles a sensiblement augmenté depuis 1982, date des premiers plans d'ajustement. [eng] Adjustment Plans and Availability of Imported Inputs, . by Sébastien Dessus.. . Could it not be said that external balance readjustment policies have had a detrimental effect on firms' performance because they reduce volumes of imported inputs ? Part of the answer to this question can be found by modelling import demand of inputs and capital goods using disequilibrium econometrics to account for the dichotomy there can be between decisions taken at the governmental level and those taken at the private-sector level, which is why rationing exists. This specification, estimated by pooling 26 developing countries over the 1980-1984 period, shows that the average probability that firms faced constraints regarding their notional demand grew markedly from 1982, when the first adjustment plans were developed. [ger] Pläne zur Angleichung des Außenbeitrags und Verfügbarkeit der importierten Produktionsfaktoren, . von Sébastien Dessus.. . Es stellt sich die Frage, ob die Politiken zur Angleichung des Außenbeitrags aufgrund der eingeschränkten Verfügbarkeit importierter Produktionsfaktoren nicht die wirtschaftliche Leistungsfähigkeit der Untemehmen beeinträchtigt haben. Die Modellierung des Importbedarfs an Inputs und Anlageninvestitionsgütem auf der Grundlage der Ôkonometrie des Ungleichgewichts, um die mögliche Dichotomie zwischen den Beschlüssen des Staates und den Entscheidungen des privaten Sektors, Ursache der Rationierung, aufzuzeigen, kann hierbei eine Antwort geben. Dieser Zusammenhang, der anhand eines Panels von 26 Entwicklungsländern über den Zeitraum von 1980 bis 1984 geschätzt wurde, läßt erkennen, daß die durchschnittliche Wahrscheinlichkeit, daß die Untemehmen ihren theoretischen Bedarf einschränken rnüssen, seit 1982, das heißt dem Jahr der ersten Pläne zur Angleichung des Außenbeitrags, spürbarzugenommen hat. [spa] Planes de ajuste y disponibilidad de los factores de producción importados, . por Sébastien Dessus.. ¿ Han afectado las políticas de ajuste de los saldos exteriores la eficacia económica de las empresas creando un problema de disponibilidad de factores de producción importados ?. Para tratar de responder a este interrogante se élaboró un modelo de la demanda de importación de inputs y de bienes de equipo fundado en la econometría del desequilibrio, para tener en cuenta una posible dicotomía entre las decisiones del Estado y del sector privado, fuente de racionamiento. Dicho modelo, estimado en base a un panel de 26 países en vías de desarrollo, entre 1980 y 1984, permite observar que la probabilidad media de restricciones impuestas a las demanndas nocionales de las empresas aumentó sensiblemente a partir de 1982, fecha de elaboración de los primeros planes de ajuste.

Suggested Citation

  • Sébastien Dessus, 1991. "Plans d'ajustement et disponibilité des facteurs de production importés," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 97(1), pages 127-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1991_num_97_1_5217
    DOI: 10.3406/ecop.1991.5217
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1991.5217
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Morris Goldstein & Mohsin S. Khan, 2017. "Income and Price Effects in Foreign Trade," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: TRADE CURRENCIES AND FINANCE, chapter 1, pages 3-81, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    3. Kemal Dervis & Jaime de Melo & Sherman Robinson, 2015. "A General Equilibrium Analysis Of Foreign Exchange Shortages In A Developing Economy," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Modeling Developing Countries' Policies in General Equilibrium, chapter 4, pages 71-86, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Khan, Mohsin S & Knight, Malcolm D, 1988. "Import Compression and Export Performance in Developing Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 315-321, May.
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