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Changes in Capital Structure of Czech SMEs: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach

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  • Irena Jindrichovska
  • Erginbay Ugurlu
  • Dana Kubickova

Abstract

In this paper, we explore two of the most relevant theories that explain financial policy in small and medium enterprises (SMEs): pecking order theory and trade-off theory. The theoretical section provides an overview of contemporary theories of capital structure. According to the pecking order theory changes in the level of debt are not motivated by the need to reach a given debt target, but instead are motivated by the need for external financing. In trade of theory companies identify their optimal capital structure and weigh up the advantages and disadvantages of an additional monetary unit of debt. Panel data methodology is used to test the empirical hypotheses over the sample of 260 Czech SMEs during the years 2004-2011 using annual data. To test pecking order theory and trade-off theory we use total debt ratio as a dependent variable and independent/explanatory variables depending on previous literature that that correspond to specific company characteristics. The results suggest that both theoretical approaches contribute to explain capital structure in Czech SMEs andidentify major forces that lie behind their indebtedness.

Suggested Citation

  • Irena Jindrichovska & Erginbay Ugurlu & Dana Kubickova, 2013. "Changes in Capital Structure of Czech SMEs: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach," Ekonomika a Management, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2013(3), pages 6-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnleam:v:2013:y:2013:i:3:id:202:p:6-26
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    Cited by:

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    2. Veronika Svatošová, 2017. "Identification of Financial Strategy in Small and Medium-sized Entrepreneurship," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 65(4), pages 1435-1453.
    3. Erginbay UGURLU & Irena JINDRICHOVSKA & Dana KUBICKOVA, 2014. "Working Capital Management in Czech SMEs: An Econometric Approach," International Conference on Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Spiru Haret University, vol. 1(1), pages 311-317, December.
    4. Jaroslav Mazanec, 2023. "Capital Structure and Corporate Performance: An Empirical Analysis from Central Europe," Mathematics, MDPI, vol. 11(9), pages 1-19, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital structure; Trade-off theory; Pecking order theory; Small and medium sized enterprises; Transitional economy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C34 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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