Trade-Off Versus Pecking Order Theory in Listed Companies Around The World
This paper provides an insight into the literature on capital structure and its determinants. The capital structure refers to the specific combination of debt and equity and their use in financing the corporate operations. Considering there are various determinants of corporate financing patters, many theories have been developed over time. From Modigliani and Miller theory, which was the first to examine the impact of capital structure on firm value, the trade-off theory and the pecking order theory are probably the most influential theories of corporate finance. The paper reveals the main financial indicators that have a significant impact on the capital structure of companies operating in both developed and under-developed financial markets. According to the particular preference for a capital structure theory, researchers showed that asset tangibility, profitability and tax shield are significant in the trade-off theory while in the pecking-order theory, the most influential factors are long-term profitability and investment opportunities. Regardless the presumed theory, most studies found firm size as essential to financing decisions.
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