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Teorías De La Evolución Del Comportamiento Cooperativo: Una Revisión Crítica

Author

Listed:
  • RICARDO GUZMAN

    () (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

  • ROBERT ROWTHORN

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge and King’s College, Cambridge, UK)

  • CARLOS RODRÍGUEZ SICKERT

    () (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

Abstract

In this paper we survey the theories of gratuitous cooperation, i.e., in favour of non-relatives and without repeated interaction. We also describe our work on the area, whose objective is to integrate the various theories of gratuitous cooperation into a self-contained framework. Our conclusions are as follows. First: altruistic punishment, conformism, and gratuitous cooperation coevolve, and group selection is a necessary for the coevolution to take place. Second: people do not cooperate by mistake, as most theories imply. On the contrary, people knowingly sacrifice themselves for others. Third: in cooperative dilemmas conformism is an expression of preference, not a learning rule. Fourth: group mutations are necessary to sustain cooperation in the long-run.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Guzman & Robert Rowthorn & Carlos Rodríguez Sickert, 2008. "Teorías De La Evolución Del Comportamiento Cooperativo: Una Revisión Crítica," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 11(1), pages 3-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:pch:abante:v:11:y:2008:i:1:p:4-16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fischbacher, Urs & Gachter, Simon & Fehr, Ernst, 2001. "Are people conditionally cooperative? Evidence from a public goods experiment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 397-404, June.
    2. Henrich, Joseph, 2004. "Cultural group selection, coevolutionary processes and large-scale cooperation," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 3-35, January.
    3. Marcus W. Feldman & Kenichi Aoki & Jochen Kumm, 1996. "Individual Versus Social Learning: Evolutionary Analysis in a Fluctuating Environment," Working Papers 96-05-030, Santa Fe Institute.
    4. repec:cup:apsrev:v:86:y:1992:i:02:p:404-417_08 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Samuel Bowles & Astrid Hopfensitz, 2000. "The Co-evolution of Individual Behaviors and Social Institutions," Working Papers 00-12-073, Santa Fe Institute.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gratuitous cooperation; cooperative dilemma; altruistic punishment; conformism; group selection; group mutations.;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles

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