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Financial Sector Reform after the Subprime Crisis: Has Anything Happened?

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  • Alexander Schäfer
  • Isabel Schnabel
  • Beatrice Weder di Mauro

Abstract

We analyze the reactions of stock returns and the spreads of credit default swaps (CDS) of banks from Europe and the USA to four major regulatory reforms in the aftermath of the subprime crisis, employing an event study analysis. Contrary to public perception, we find that financial markets indeed reacted to the structural reforms enacted at the national level. The reforms succeeded in reducing bail-out expectations relative to the post-bail-out period, especially for systemic banks. The strongest effects were found for the Dodd–Frank Act and in particular for the Volcker rule. Bank profitability was affected in all countries, showing up in lower equity returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Schäfer & Isabel Schnabel & Beatrice Weder di Mauro, 2016. "Financial Sector Reform after the Subprime Crisis: Has Anything Happened?," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 20(1), pages 77-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:revfin:v:20:y:2016:i:1:p:77-125.
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    9. Davies, Ronald B. & Studnicka, Zuzanna, 2018. "The heterogeneous impact of Brexit: Early indications from the FTSE," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 1-17.
    10. Andres, Christian & Betzer, André & Doumet, Markus, 2021. "Measuring changes in credit risk: The case of CDS event studies," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 49(C).
    11. Andrieș, Alin Marius & Nistor, Simona & Ongena, Steven & Sprincean, Nicu, 2020. "On Becoming an O-SII (“Other Systemically Important Institution”)," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).
    12. Cummings, James R. & Guo, Yilian, 2020. "Do the Basel III capital reforms reduce the implicit subsidy of systemically important banks? Australian evidence," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    13. Chiu, Junmao & Tsai, Kunchi, 2017. "Government interventions and equity liquidity in the sub-prime crisis period: Evidence from the ETF market," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 128-142.
    14. Vogel, Ursula, 2020. "O-SII designation and deposit funding costs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 192(C).
    15. Isabel Schnabel, 2020. "Are Banks Finally Resolvable? A Perspective from Europe," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 77-86, October.
    16. Hachenberg, Britta & Kiesel, Florian & Kolaric, Sascha & Schiereck, Dirk, 2017. "The impact of expected regulatory changes: The case of banks following the 2016U.S. election," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 268-273.
    17. Bellia, Mario & Heynderickx, Wouter & Maccaferri, Sara & Schich, Sebastian, 2020. "Do CDS markets care about the G-SIB status?," Working Papers 2020-02, Joint Research Centre, European Commission.

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