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Does Extension Work? Impacts of a Program to Assist Limited-Resource Farmers in Virginia

  • Ebere Akobundu
  • Jeffrey Alwang
  • Albert Essel
  • George W. Norton
  • Abebayehu Tegene

In this article the economic impacts of Virginia State University's Small Farm Outreach, Training, and Technical Assistance Program are assessed. Impacts are measured in terms of program effect on incomes of limited-resource participant farmers compared with their net farm incomes had they not participated. The program appears to significantly increase net farm income, provided there is sufficient intensity of participation. A single visit by an agent had no significant effect on income, suggesting a rationale for deepening participation intensity before broadening it. Aggregate program benefits may approach $5 million per year (for a cost of a few hundred thousand dollars). Copyright 2004, Oxford University Press.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9353.2004.00185.x
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Article provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its journal Review of Agricultural Economics.

Volume (Year): 26 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 361-372

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Handle: RePEc:oup:revage:v:26:y:2004:i:3:p:361-372
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  1. McLean-Meyinsse, Patricia E. & Hui, Jianguo & Joseph, Randolph, Jr., 1994. "An Empirical Analysis Of Louisiana Small Farmers' Involvement In The Conservation Reserve Program," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 26(02), December.
  2. Robinson, Chris, 1989. "The Joint Determination of Union Status and Union Wage Effects: Some Tests of Alternative Models," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 639-67, June.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1990. "Varieties of Selection Bias," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 313-18, May.
  4. James Heckman, 1997. "Instrumental Variables: A Study of Implicit Behavioral Assumptions Used in Making Program Evaluations," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(3), pages 441-462.
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