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Educational Subsidy, Agricultural Development, and Fertility Change

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  • Mark R. Rosenzweig

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of continuing agricultural technical change on the allocation of resources by households between increments to family size and to schooling are examined within the context of a model of household decision-making in which education facilitates innovation. An empirical application of the model to data from India indicates, consistent with the theory, that in farm households more intensively exposed to the new technologies associated with the “green revolution,†fertility was significantly reduced, while the level of schooling investment was significantly increased. In contrast, and also consistent with the model, proximity of schools, in the absence of technical change, had only marginal effects on schooling and little impact on family size.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark R. Rosenzweig, 1982. "Educational Subsidy, Agricultural Development, and Fertility Change," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(1), pages 67-88.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:qjecon:v:97:y:1982:i:1:p:67-88.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.2307/1882627
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Eric V. Edmonds & Nina Pavcnik & Petia Topalova, 2010. "Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(4), pages 42-75, October.
    2. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 158-175, March.
    3. Chakrabarty, Sayan & Grote, Ulrike & Lüchters, Guido, 2006. "The Trade-Off Between Child Labor and Schooling: Influence of Social Labeling NGOs in Nepal," MPRA Paper 4096, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:ilo:ilowps:237785 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Francesca Modena & Concetta Rondinelli & Fabio Sabatini, 2014. "Economic Insecurity and Fertility Intentions: The Case of Italy," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 60(S1), pages 233-255, May.
    6. Howlett, Peter, 2008. "Travelling in the social science community: assessing the impact of the Indian Green Revolution across disciplines," Economic History Working Papers 22513, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
    7. Vasilaky, Kathryn, 2011. "The effects of school quality on fertility in a transition economy," MPRA Paper 38965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Maoyong Fan & Mimi Houston & Anita Alves Pena, 2014. "Determinants of child labor in the modern United States: Evidence from agricultural workers and their children and concerns for ongoing public policy," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(1), pages 287-306.
    9. Vos R. & De Labastida E. & Gutierrez A., 1985. "Structure of production, labour market functioning and basic needs: a review of some main issues," ILO Working Papers 992377853402676, International Labour Organization.
    10. Kajisa, Kei & Palanichamy, N. Venkatesa, 2010. "Schooling Investments over Three Decades in Rural Tamil Nadu, India: Changing Effects of Income, Gender, and Adult Family Members' Education," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 298-314, March.
    11. Vos R., 1984. "Politicas estatales y necesidades basicas: la educacion basica," ILO Working Papers 992342673402676, International Labour Organization.
    12. Ribero, Rocio, 2000. "Family Structure, Fertility and Child Quality in Colombia," Center Discussion Papers 28390, Yale University, Economic Growth Center.
    13. Jere Behrman, 1987. "Is Child Schooling A Poor Proxy for Child Quality?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 24(3), pages 341-359, August.

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