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Federal-State Tax Interactions in the United States and Canada

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  • Howard Chernick
  • Jennifer Tennant

Abstract

The potential for vertical tax competition is strongest when different levels of government share the same base. Because there is greater sharing of common tax bases in Canada than in the United States, we expect vertical tax competition to be weaker in the United States than in Canada. Econometric analysis of US data supports this hypothesis. Taking account of the deductibility-related endogeneity of federal tax burdens by state, federal income tax burdens have no effect on average state income tax burdens. Introducing distributional considerations into the vertical tax competition model, we do find a significant displacement effect for higher income taxpayers, with higher federal burdens associated with lower state income tax burdens in the highest income quintile. For low-income taxpayers, federal and state tax burdens are complementary. Copyright 2010, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Howard Chernick & Jennifer Tennant, 2010. "Federal-State Tax Interactions in the United States and Canada," Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 508-533, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:publus:v:40:y:2010:i:3:p:508-533
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/publius/pjq007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Galle, Brian, 2014. "The effect of national revenues on sub-national revenues evidence from the U.S," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 147-155.
    2. Giorgio Brosio & Juan Pablo Jiménez, 2011. "Maintaining taxes at the centre despite decentralization: interactions with national reforms," ICER Working Papers 10-2011, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.

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