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Dollarization as a signaling device

Listed author(s):
  • Krzysztof Makarski

    ()

    (Narodowy Bank Polski
    Warsaw School of Economics)

The objective of this paper is to point out that dollarization may be used as a signaling device. To this end, we introduce into a standard monetary policy model two types of governments: good and bad. Information is asymmetric, the government type is uncertain and the policy of the bad government is suboptimal. This uncertainty does not allow the good government to achieve the first best outcome even though it conducts optimal policy. Since, the bad government would never dollarize, the good government by dollarizing reduces uncertainty about the type of government and achieves the first best allocation. Here, unlike in models emphasizing the time inconsistency motive for dollarization, it does not change the actual policy. Thus, dollarization plays the role of a signaling device rather than a commitment device.

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File URL: http://bik.nbp.pl/content/2014/01/bik_01_2014_02_art.pdf
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Article provided by Narodowy Bank Polski in its journal Bank i Kredyt.

Volume (Year): 45 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 17-36

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Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:45:y:2014:i:1:p:17-36
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  1. Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J., 1999. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 26, pages 1671-1745 Elsevier.
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  3. Stefania Albanesi & V. V. Chari & Lawrence J. Christiano, 2003. "Expectation Traps and Monetary Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(4), pages 715-741.
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  7. Lucas, Robert Jr. & Stokey, Nancy L., 1983. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy in an economy without capital," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 55-93.
  8. Enrique G. Mendoza, 2001. "The benefits of dollarization when stabilization policy lacks credibility and financial markets are imperfect," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 440-481.
  9. Phelan, Christopher, 2006. "Public trust and government betrayal," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 27-43, September.
  10. Click, Reid W, 1998. "Seigniorage in a Cross-Section of Countries," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(2), pages 154-171, May.
  11. Christopher Phelan, 2001. "Public trust and government betrayal," Staff Report 283, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  12. Cooley, Thomas F & Quadrini, Vincenzo, 2001. "The Cost of Losing Monetary Independence: The Case of Mexico," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(2), pages 370-397, May.
  13. Svensson, Lars E O, 1985. "Money and Asset Prices in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 919-944, October.
  14. Russell W. Cooper & Hubert Kempf, 2001. "Dollarization and the conquest of hyperinflation in divided societies," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-12.
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