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The Interrelationship of FDI and GDP in European Transition Countries


  • Kresimir Cicak
  • Petar Soric

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)


Theory states that the foreign direct investments (FDI) have multiple positive effects on a country’s economy. Evidence can be sought from Central and Eastern European countries where FDI is seen as one of the main contributors to GDP growth. This paper examines the relationship between FDI and GDP growth rate in Croatia and other chosen European transition countries using bivariate VAR models. Based on the research conducted, it was found that FDI Granger causes GDP growth in most countries. This is especially true in Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary which have attracted a significant amount of FDI starting from 1990. The estimated VAR models for Latvia and Slovenia provide evidence that GDP causes FDI, corroborating the theory that investor are prone to stable macroeconomic conditions. This paper tries to make a comparative analysis of FDI-GDP link in New EU member states. Further research should certainly include other aspects such as the quality of the legislative system, labor productivity and labor costs, access to capital markets, etc

Suggested Citation

  • Kresimir Cicak & Petar Soric, 2015. "The Interrelationship of FDI and GDP in European Transition Countries," International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, Inovatus Services Ltd., vol. 1(4), pages 41-58, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:mgs:ijmsba:v:1:y:2015:i:4:p:41-58

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Madalina-Gabriela ANGHEL & Constantin ANGHELACHE & Doina AVRAM & Doina BUREA, 2017. "Foreign Direct Investment As An Accumulated Share Of National Wealth," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 65(10), pages 37-46, October.
    2. Mariia Shkolnykova & Lasse Steffens & Jan Wedemeier, 2024. "Systems of innovation: Path of economic transition and differences in institutions in central and Eastern Europe?," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), March.
    3. Constantin ANGHELACHE & Ștefan Virgil IACOB & Alexandra PETRE & Cristian OLTEANU, 2023. "Comparative study on the legislative framework for attracting FDI in Romania," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(636), A), pages 41-52, Autumn.
    4. Constantin Anghelache & Alexandru Manole & Madalina-Gabriela Anghel & Emilia Stanciu & Alexandru Ursache, 2017. "Some Significant Macroeconomic Evolutions at the End of 2016," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 7(1), pages 213-224, January.
    5. Andrzej Cieślik & Oleg Gurshev, 2021. "Factor Endowments, Economic Integration, Round-Tripping, and Inward FDI: Evidence from the Baltic Economies," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(8), pages 1-26, July.
    6. Mariia Shkolnykova & Lasse Steffens & Jan Wedemeier, 2022. "Systems of Innovation in Central and Eastern European countries: Path of Economic Transition and Differences in Institutions," Bremen Papers on Economics & Innovation 2209, University of Bremen, Faculty of Business Studies and Economics.
    7. Zinovia TOACA & Victoria FALA, 2022. "Fdi- Exports-Gdp Nexus In The Republic Of Moldova," Contemporary Economy Journal, Constantin Brancoveanu University, vol. 7(4), pages 193-204.
    8. Constantin Anghelache & Aurelian DIACONU & Andreea Ioana MARINESCU & Marius POPOVICI, 2016. "Comparative study of the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product indicator," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(12), pages 165-172, December.
    9. Constantin ANGHELACH & Ioan PARTACHI & Cristina SACALÃ & Alexandru URSACHE, 2016. "Using econometric models in the analysis of the correlation between the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product and Foreign Direct Investments," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(10), pages 124-129, October.
    10. Constantin ANGHELACHE & Madalina Gabriela ANGHEL, 2017. "Econometric Methods And Models Used In The Analysis Of The Factorial Influence Of The Gross Domestic Product Growth," Network Intelligence Studies, Romanian Foundation for Business Intelligence, Editorial Department, issue 9, pages 67-78, June.
    11. Mădălina-Gabriela ANGHEL & Denis-Arthur STRIJEK & Marius-Cristian RĂDUȚ, 2023. "Comparative study on the global performance of companies with foreign capital and those with Romanian capital," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(636), A), pages 93-106, Autumn.
    12. Anna Kislovska & Rima Tamošiūnienė, 2016. "Economic Multiplier Effect of Shared Service Centres," Ekonomika a Management, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2016(4).
    13. Anghelache Constantin & Anghel Madalina-Gabriela, 2018. "Analysis Of The Evolution Of Result Indicators In The Member States Of The European Union," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 6, pages 15-22, December.
    14. Madalina-Gabriela ANGHEL & Constantin Anghelache & Tudor SAMSON & Radu STOICA, 2016. "Analysis of index prices of population consumption reveals a moderation through fiscal measures," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(12), pages 148-156, December.

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    More about this item


    FDI; GDP Growth; Granger Causality; VAR;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M00 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - General - - - General


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