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The Natural Environment as Field-Level Actor: The Environment and the Pulp and Paper Industry in Maine


  • Rachel Bouvier


This article conducts a field-level analysis of institutional change in the pulp and paper industry in the state of Maine over the past 30 years. Furthermore, it considers the natural environment as a field-level actor, which can focus and redirect attention and resources, serve as a constraint on previously acceptable behavior, and act as a catalyst for institutional change.

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  • Rachel Bouvier, 2010. "The Natural Environment as Field-Level Actor: The Environment and the Pulp and Paper Industry in Maine," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(3), pages 717-735.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:jeciss:v:44:y:2010:i:3:p:717-735 DOI: 10.2753/JEI0021-3624440307

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Shimshack, Jay P. & Ward, Michael B., 2005. "Regulator reputation, enforcement, and environmental compliance," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 519-540, November.
    2. David Popp & Tamara Hafner & Nick Johnstone, 2007. "Policy vs. Consumer Pressure: Innovation and Diffusion of Alternative Bleaching Technologies in the Pulp Industry," NBER Working Papers 13439, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Deily, Mary E. & Gray, Wayne B., 1991. "Enforcement of pollution regulations in a declining industry," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 260-274, November.
    4. Rachel Bouvier, 2009. "Determinants of Environmental Performance," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 23(2), pages 111-126, May.
    5. Garvie, Devon & Keeler, Andrew, 1994. "Incomplete enforcement with endogenous regulatory choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 141-162, September.
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