IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Why Are China's Exports Special?: The Role of FDI, Regional Trade, and Government Policies


  • Yan Liang


This paper investigates why China is able to achieve a high level of technological sophistication in its exports beyond its current level of development. It concludes that a great portion of the high-tech exports are of the processing and assembly type and produced by foreign-invested enterprises. China's comparative advantage of labor abundance and the Chinese government's foreign direct investment (FDI) policy have encouraged the expansion of FDI-led export in general and FDI-led processing trade in particular. Given the disadvantages of the FDI-led export expansion, reform of the government's FDI and trade policies is needed to improve technological development and to enhance China's production and trade structures.

Suggested Citation

  • Yan Liang, 2008. "Why Are China's Exports Special?: The Role of FDI, Regional Trade, and Government Policies," Chinese Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(6), pages 99-118, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:chinec:v:41:y:2008:i:6:p:99-118

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lionel Fontagné & Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2008. "Specialization across varieties and North-South competition," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 23, pages 51-91, January.
    2. Guillaume Gaulier & Françoise Lemoine & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2005. "China’s Integration in East Asia: Production Sharing, FDI & High-Tech Trade," Working Papers 2005-09, CEPII research center.
    3. Kim Song Tan & Hoe Ee Khor, 2006. "China's Changing Economic Structure and Implications for Regional Patterns of Trade, Production and Integration," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 14(6), pages 1-19.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:2:d:10.1007_s11575-013-0195-y is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mes:chinec:v:41:y:2008:i:6:p:99-118. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.