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Multiple BGPs in a Growth Model with Habit Persistence

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  • BEEN-LON CHEN

Abstract

This paper establishes multiple balanced growth paths in an otherwise standard, competitive growth model without externality or distortions and with households' preference dependent upon how his/her consumption compares to a habit stock formed by his/her own past consumption. The key feature in our model is that consumption forms habits in combination with existing habits. This model establishes multiple equilibria because habit persistence induces an internal, intertemporal complementarity effect among consumption flows, with current consumption reinforcing future consumption. As a result, there exist two balanced-growth paths, with one path exhibiting low consumption and habits and high economic growth, and the other path exhibiting high consumption and habits and low growth that is not necessarily a development trap. Both steady states are saddles, but global indeterminacy arises where a high balanced growth path co-exists with a low balanced growth path where the two equilibrium paths cannot be pareto ranked and history need not matter for the selection of the equilibrium path. Copyright 2007 The Ohio State University.

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  • Been-Lon Chen, 2007. "Multiple BGPs in a Growth Model with Habit Persistence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(1), pages 25-48, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:39:y:2007:i:1:p:25-48
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    Cited by:

    1. Been-Lon Chen & Mei Hsu & Chia-Hui Lu, 2007. "Status and Multiple Growth Regimes," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 07-A010, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    2. Alonso-Carrera, Jaime & Caballé, Jordi & Raurich, Xavier, 2008. "Can consumption spillovers be a source of equilibrium indeterminacy?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 2883-2902, September.
    3. Evangelos V. Dioikitopoulos & Sarantis Kalyvitis, 2015. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Endogenous Time Preference," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(6), pages 848-873, December.
    4. Luca Gori & Mauro Sodini, 2014. "Indeterminacy and nonlinear dynamics in an OLG growth model with endogenous labour supply and inherited tastes," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 37(1), pages 159-179, April.
    5. Been-lon Chen & Yu-shan Hsu, 2009. "Is admiration a source of indeterminacy when the speed of habit formation is finite?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(4), pages 3041-3049.
    6. Been-Lon Chen & Mei Hsu & Chia-Hui Lu, 2008. "Inflation and Growth: Impatience and a Qualitative Equivalence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(6), pages 1309-1323, September.
    7. Hyeon O. Lee & Hyun Park, 2015. "Indeterminate Balanced Growth under Habit Persistence and Fiscal Policies," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(2), pages 259-284, June.
    8. Been-Lon Chen & Yu-Shan Hsu & Kazuo Mino, 2013. "Can consumption habit spillovers be a source of equilibrium indeterminacy?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 109(3), pages 245-269, July.
    9. Kirill Borissov & Stéphane Lambrecht, 2009. "Growth and distribution in an AK-model with endogenous impatience," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 39(1), pages 93-112, April.
    10. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:14:y:2007:i:3:p:1-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Park, Hyun, 2013. "Do habits generate endogenous fluctuations in a growing economy?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 54-68.
    12. Gómez, Manuel A., 2014. "Equilibrium dynamics in a class of one-sector endogenous growth models with external habits: An application of special functions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 50-54.
    13. Chen, Been-Lon & Hsu, Mei, 2009. "Consumption externality, efficiency and optimal taxation in one-sector growth model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1328-1334, November.
    14. Manuel A. Gómez, 2010. "The welfare cost of external habits: a quantitative assessment," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 37(1 Year 20), pages 5-26, June.
    15. Chen, Been-Lon & Lee, Shun-Fa, 2007. "Import Tariffs and Growth in a Model with Habits," MPRA Paper 27667, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Peter Funk, 2009. "History-Dependent Individual Behavior, Polarization, and Pareto-Improving Activating Welfare," Working Paper Series in Economics 43, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    17. Been-Lon Chen & Mei Hsu & Yu-Shan Hsu, 2010. "A One-Sector Growth Model With Consumption Standard: Indeterminate Or Determinate?," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 85-96.
    18. Johdo, Wataru, 2009. "Habit persistence and stagnation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 1110-1114, September.
    19. Ryoji Hiraguchi, 2007. "Habit formation and multiplicity of balanced growth path: a comment," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 14(3), pages 1-4.
    20. Subrata Chakrabarty & Liang Wang, 2012. "The Long-Term Sustenance of Sustainability Practices in MNCs: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective of the Role of R&D and Internationalization," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 205-217, October.

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