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Spatial analysis of working conditions for women in the agricultural sector in Mexico


  • Jorge López Martínez

    () (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

  • Alejandro Molina Vargas

    () (Universidad Politécnica Metropolitana de Hidalgo)


The objective of this paper is to measure the spatial changes that have occurred in the working conditions of women in the agricultural sector in the 32 states of Mexico, during the 2008-2017 period. For this, an index is elaborated that considers three factors: rate of occupied female population that receives some remuneration, rate of occupied female population that has access to health and other benefits, and rate of employed female population that does not receive any remuneration. The results of the index for 2017 show persistent precariousness in the working conditions of women in the southern states: Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas, with indexes of 0.13, 0.17 and 0.2, respectively. In contrast, the states of the northwest: Baja California, Sinaloa, Sonora, Baja California Sur and Chihuahua, continue presenting the best results with indexes of 0.74, 0.66, 0.66, 0.59 and 0.55, respectively. Relatively more industrialized states, such as Querétaro, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Coahuila and Nuevo León, have improved working conditions by increasing the index considerably, suggesting the existence of a spillover effect on the agricultural sector

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge López Martínez & Alejandro Molina Vargas, 2019. "Spatial analysis of working conditions for women in the agricultural sector in Mexico," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 91, pages 181-209, Julio - D.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2019:i:91:p:181-209
    DOI: 10.17533/udea.le.n91a06

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. César Vladimir Martínez Arango & Coralia Azucena Quintero Rojas & Lari Arthur Viianto, 2015. "Discriminación de género en redes laborales," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 1-34, November.
    2. Fernando Antonio Noriega Ureña, 2010. "Microfundamentos para la economía de la mujer," Economia y Sociedad., Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Facultad de Economia, issue 25, pages 69-89, Enero-Jun.
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    More about this item


    women; working conditions; agricultural sector; spatiality;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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