The Causal Relationship between Real Estate and Stock Markets
This paper examines the dynamic relationship that exists between the US real estate and S&P 500 stock markets between the years of 1972 to 1998. This is achieved by conducting both linear and nonlinear causality tests. The results from these tests provide a number of interesting observations that primarily show linear relationships to be spuriously affected by structural shifts that are inherent within the data. Linear test results generally show a unidirectional relationship to exist from the real estate market to the stock market. However, these results are not consistent with financial theory and for all sub-samples of the data. In contrast, the nonlinear causality test shows a strong unidirectional relationship running from the stock market to the real estate market, and is consistent in the presence of any structural breaks. Copyright 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
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