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Trust and reciprocity: extensions and robustness of triadic design

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  • Giovanni Bartolomeo
  • Stefano Papa

Abstract

Our paper reconsiders the triadic design proposed by Cox (Games and Economic Behavior 46:260–281, 2004 ) to identify trust and reciprocity in investment games. Specifically, we extend the design in two directions. First, we collect information on investors’ choices by using both the direct-response (as does Cox) and strategy methods. Using the latter, we are able to condition reciprocity on initial inequality, which is endogenous when investigating reciprocity. We demonstrate that the triadic design provides evidence for reciprocity once that initial inequality is considered. Second, we elicit expectations and test their coherence with the triadic outcomes. By examining the relationship between trust actions and expected gains, we analyze whether investors’ expectations are consistent with their behavior. Finally, we test for the existence of an emotional bias, i.e., whether expectation mismatches induce trustees to change actual choices from the planned ones. Copyright Economic Science Association 2016

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  • Giovanni Bartolomeo & Stefano Papa, 2016. "Trust and reciprocity: extensions and robustness of triadic design," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 19(1), pages 100-115, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:expeco:v:19:y:2016:i:1:p:100-115
    DOI: 10.1007/s10683-014-9428-6
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    3. Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Stefano Papa, 2016. "Some Determinants of Trust Formation and Pro-social Behaviours in Investment Games: An Experimental Study," Studies in Microeconomics, , vol. 4(1), pages 13-26, June.
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    5. Pierpaolo Battigalli & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Stefano Papa, 2024. "Guilt, Inequity, and Gender in a Dictator Game," Working Papers in Public Economics 248, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Economics and Law.
    6. Marcello D'Amato & Niall O’Higgins & Marco Stimolo, 2019. "The Giver as a General in Her Fortunes. Experimental Evidence on Trust, Inequality and Growth (or Decline)," CSEF Working Papers 543, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    7. Giovanni Bartolomeo & Stefano Papa, 2016. "Does collective meditation foster trust and trustworthiness in an investment game?," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 63(4), pages 379-392, December.
    8. Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Papa Stefano, 2015. "Does meditation lead to more selfish or pro-social behaviors in a trust game?," wp.comunite 0117, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
    9. Ekici, Tufan & Ergun, Selim Jürgen & Rivas, M. Fernanda, 2016. "Trust and reciprocity in Cyprus," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 36-49.
    10. van den Akker, Olmo R. & van Assen, Marcel A.L.M. & van Vugt, Mark & Wicherts, Jelte M., 2020. "Sex differences in trust and trustworthiness: A meta-analysis of the trust game and the gift-exchange game," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).

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