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The commons, common property, and environmental policy

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  • Daniel Bromley

Abstract

The conceptual confusion among property, common property, open access resources, and the “tragedy of the commons” is identified and rectified. Property rights are defined and clarified. From that it is possible to understand the traditional confusion between open access resources and common property resources. It is urged that common property regimes be used in place of common property resources. This will emphasize that institutional arrangements are human creations and that natural resources can be managed as private property, as common property, or as state property. It is the property regime — an authority system — that indicates the rules of use of a variety of natural resources. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Bromley, 1992. "The commons, common property, and environmental policy," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(1), pages 1-17, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:2:y:1992:i:1:p:1-17
    DOI: 10.1007/BF00324686
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF00324686
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Daniel W. Bromley & Devendra P. Chapagain, 1984. "The Village Against the Center: Resource Depletion in South Asia," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 66(5), pages 868-873.
    2. Bromley, Daniel W., 1989. "Property relations and economic development: The other land reform," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 867-877, June.
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    Keywords

    Commons; common property; property rights;

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