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Estimating Water Demand under Increasing-Block Tariffs Using Aggregate Data and Proportions of Users per Block

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  • R. Martínez-Espiñeira

Abstract

The price specification suggested by Nordin (1976) for theanalysis of demand under block tariffs is applied to estimatewater demand functions using aggregate data from the Northwest ofSpain. The traditional way of using Nordin's specification whenonly aggregate data are available (using values of marginal priceand difference faced by the average user) is compared with thetheoretically correct one. The latter uses the average marginalprice and the average difference, these averages being weighted bythe proportion of users per block. The availability of data on theproportion of users per block permits also the explicit modellingof the choice of block. The results show that, in the sampleanalyzed, the values of price elasticity under the traditionalspecification and the more innovative one are not significantlydifferent. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Suggested Citation

  • R. Martínez-Espiñeira, 2003. "Estimating Water Demand under Increasing-Block Tariffs Using Aggregate Data and Proportions of Users per Block," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 26(1), pages 5-23, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:26:y:2003:i:1:p:5-23
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1025693823235
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Breusch, T S, 1978. "Testing for Autocorrelation in Dynamic Linear Models," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(31), pages 334-355, December.
    2. Arbues, Fernando & Garcia-Valinas, Maria Angeles & Martinez-Espineira, Roberto, 2003. "Estimation of residential water demand: a state-of-the-art review," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 81-102, March.
    3. Godfrey, Leslie G, 1978. "Testing against General Autoregressive and Moving Average Error Models When the Regressors Include Lagged Dependent Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1293-1301, November.
    4. R. Martinez-Espiñeira, 2002. "Residential Water Demand in the Northwest of Spain," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 21(2), pages 161-187, February.
    5. Corral, Leonardo & Fisher, Anthony C. & Hatch, Nile W., 1998. "Price And Non-Price Influences On Water Conservation: An Econometric Model Of Aggregate Demand Under Nonlinear Budget Constraint," 1998 Annual meeting, August 2-5, Salt Lake City, UT 20958, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. S. Gaudin, 2006. "Effect of price information on residential water demand," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 383-393.
    2. Kavezeri-Karuaihe, Selma T. & Wandschneider, Philip R. & Yoder, Jonathan K., 2005. "Perceived Water Prices and Estimated Water Demand in the Residential Sector of Windhoek, Namibia. An Analysis of the Different Water Market Segments," 2005 Annual Meeting, July 6-8, 2005, San Francisco, California 36289, Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. DIAKITE Daouda & SEMENOV Aggey & THOMAS Alban, 2006. "Social Pricing and Water Provision in Côte d'Ivoire," LERNA Working Papers 06.14.207, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
    4. Dinusha Dharmaratna & Edwyna Harris, 2010. "Estimating Residential Water Demand using the Stone-Geary Functional Form: the Case of Sri Lanka," Monash Economics Working Papers 46-10, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    5. Schleich, Joachim & Hillenbrand, Thomas, 2009. "Determinants of residential water demand in Germany," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(6), pages 1756-1769, April.
    6. Hoffmann, Mark & Worthington, Andrew & Higgs, Helen, 2006. "Urban water demand with fixed volumetric charging in a large municipality: the case of Brisbane, Australia," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 50(3), September.
    7. Worthington, Andrew C., 2010. "Commercial and Industrial Water Demand Estimation: Theoretical and Methodological Guidelines for Applied Economics Research/Estimación de la demanda de agua comercial e industrial: pautas teóricas y m," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 237-258, Agosto.
    8. Mark Hoffman & Andrew Worthington & Helen Higgs, 2005. "Modelling residential water demand with fixed volumetric charging in a large urban municipality: The case of Brisbane, Australia," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 196, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    9. Xayavong, Vilaphonh & Burton, Michael P. & White, Benedict, 2007. "Estimating Urban Residential Water-Demand with Increasing Block Prices: The Case of Perth, Western Australia," Working Papers 7061, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    10. René Cabral & Luciano Ayala & Victor Hugo Delgado, 2017. "Residential Water Demand and Price Perception under Increasing Block Rates," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(1), pages 508-519.
    11. Andrew C. Worthington, 2010. "Commercial and industrial water demand estimation: Theoretical and methodological guidelines for applied economics research," Discussion Papers in Economics economics:201011, Griffith University, Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics.

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    Keywords

    water demand; water pricing; block pricing;

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