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Environment-Friendly Behaviour and Competitiveness: A Study of Pulp and Paper Industry in India


  • Gopinath Pradhan
  • Kaustuva Barik


This paper seeks to examine the relationship between competitiveness and environment-friendly behaviour of producers under an economic liberalisation regime. For that purpose, it employs a probit model and estimates the influence of the prime movers of industrial growth such as technical change and economies of scale on environmental degradation. The empirical results of the study of pulp and paper industry, identified as one of the most polluting industries in India, indicate that these variables, as the key players of competitiveness improvement, have positive influence on environment-friendly behaviour. Such findings, therefore, fail to provide support to a view that articulates ruthless exploitation of the environment under economic liberalisation programme. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Suggested Citation

  • Gopinath Pradhan & Kaustuva Barik, 1999. "Environment-Friendly Behaviour and Competitiveness: A Study of Pulp and Paper Industry in India," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 14(4), pages 481-501, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:14:y:1999:i:4:p:481-501
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1008349517771

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hettige, Hemamala & Huq, Mainul & Pargal, Sheoli & Wheeler, David, 1996. "Determinants of pollution abatement in developing countries: Evidence from South and Southeast Asia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(12), pages 1891-1904, December.
    2. Kennedy, Charles & Thirlwall, A P, 1972. "Technical Progress: A Survey," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(325), pages 11-72, March.
    3. Susmita Dasgupta & Ashoka Mody & Subhendu Roy & David Wheeler, 2001. "Environmental Regulation and Development: A Cross-country Empirical Analysis," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(2), pages 173-187.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sahba Fatima & Kaustuva Barik, 2012. "Technical Efficiency of Thermal Power Generation in India: Post-Restructuring Experience," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(4), pages 210-224.


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