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Do Hedge Funds Outperform Stocks and Bonds?


  • Turan G. Bali

    () (McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057)

  • Stephen J. Brown

    () (Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University, New York, New York 10012; and University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010, Victoria, Australia)

  • K. Ozgur Demirtas

    () (Finance at the School of Management, Sabanci University, Orhanli, Tuzla 34956, Istanbul, Turkey)


Hedge funds' extensive use of derivatives, short selling, and leverage and their dynamic trading strategies create significant nonnormalities in their return distributions. Hence, the traditional performance measures fail to provide an accurate characterization of the relative strength of hedge fund portfolios. This paper uses the utility-based nonparametric and parametric performance measures to determine which hedge fund strategies outperform the U.S. equity and/or bond markets. The results from the realized and simulated return distributions indicate that the long/short equity hedge and emerging markets hedge fund strategies outperform the U.S. equity market, and the long/short equity hedge, multistrategy, managed futures, and global macro hedge fund strategies dominate the U.S. Treasury market. This paper was accepted by Wei Jiang, finance.

Suggested Citation

  • Turan G. Bali & Stephen J. Brown & K. Ozgur Demirtas, 2013. "Do Hedge Funds Outperform Stocks and Bonds?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 59(8), pages 1887-1903, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:59:y:2013:i:8:p:1887-1903

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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Allen & Michael McAleer & Abhay K. Singh, 2016. "A Multi-Criteria Portfolio Analysis of Hedge Fund Strategies," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2017-03, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
    2. Allen, D.E. & McAleer, M.J. & Singh, A.K., 2018. "A Multi-Criteria Financial and Energy Portfolio Analysis of Hedge Fund Strategies," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI2018-26, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    3. Huang, Paoyu & Ni, Yensen, 2017. "Board structure and stock price informativeness in terms of moving average rules," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 161-169.
    4. Jackwerth, Jens Carsten & Slavutskaya, Anna, 2016. "The total benefit of alternative assets to pension fund portfolios," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 25-42.
    5. repec:eee:insuma:v:78:y:2018:i:c:p:255-266 is not listed on IDEAS


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