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Risk Measurement Performance of Alternative Distribution Functions

Listed author(s):
  • Turan G. Bali
  • Panayiotis Theodossiou

This paper evaluates the performance of three extreme value distributions, i.e., generalized Pareto distribution (GPD), generalized extreme value distribution (GEV), and Box-Cox-GEV, and four skewed fat-tailed distributions, i.e., skewed generalized error distribution (SGED), skewed generalized "t" (SGT), exponential generalized beta of the second kind (EGB2), and inverse hyperbolic sign (IHS) in estimating conditional and unconditional value at risk (VaR) thresholds. The results provide strong evidence that the SGT, EGB2, and IHS distributions perform as well as the more specialized extreme value distributions in modeling the tail behavior of portfolio returns. All three distributions produce similar VaR thresholds and perform better than the SGED and the normal distribution in approximating the extreme tails of the return distribution. The conditional coverage and the out-of-sample performance tests show that the actual VaR thresholds are time varying to a degree not captured by unconditional VaR measures. In light of the fact that VaR type measures are employed in many different types of financial and insurance applications including the determination of capital requirements, capital reserves, the setting of insurance deductibles, the setting of reinsurance cedance levels, as well as the estimation of expected claims and expected losses, these results are important to financial managers, actuaries, and insurance practitioners. Copyright (c) The Journal of Risk and Insurance, 2008.

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Article provided by The American Risk and Insurance Association in its journal Journal of Risk & Insurance.

Volume (Year): 75 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 411-437

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jrinsu:v:75:y:2008:i:2:p:411-437
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